The aim of this glossary is twofold. In the first place, it explains the narratological and literary terms which are regularly used in the commentary. Whenever possible I have included the ancient equivalents of these terms, as found in the scholia. In the second place, it summarizes the most important narrative devices employed in the Odyssey. Readers of the commentary are referred to the glossary by a †.
actorial motivation ('psychologische Begründung'): the analysis of the 'why' of the story in terms of the aims and intentions of a character. An actorial motivation is usually explicit. Compare narratorial motivation.1
ambiguity: a character intentionally speaks words which for himself–and the narratees– have a different significance than for his addressee (s). Compare dramatic irony and irony.
analepsis (flashback, 'Rückwendung'): the narration of an event which took place before the point in the story where we find ourselves.2 A distinction can be made between internal analepses (which recount events falling within the time limits of the main story) and external analepses (which recount events falling outside those time limits); between repeating analepses (narrating events also narrated elsewhere, producing a mirror-story) and completing analepses (narrating events which are not narrated elsewhere); and between narratorial analepses (by the narrator) and actorial analepses (by characters). Compare prolepsis.
anticipatory doublet: the foreshadowing of a coming event, theme, or scene by a minor replica of itself. The later instance is usually more fully developed, emotionally intense, and significant.3____________________