Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2

By Horace Walpole | Go to book overview

GERARD HONTHORST,

(1592—1660,)

the favourite painter of the Queen of Bohemia, was born in 1592, at Utrecht, and instructed in painting by Bloemart, but he completed his studies at Rome, where he stayed several years, and painted many things for Prince Justiniani, and other works, excelling particularly in night-pieces and candle-light. 1 On his return he married well, and having a fair character, was remarkable for the number of his disciples of rank. 2 Sandrart (who was one) says they were twenty-eight at the same time, who each paid him an hundred florins yearly. 3 Rut his greatest honour was instructing the Queen of Bohemia and her children, 4 among whom the Princess Sophia 5 and the Abbess of Maubuisson

____________________
16. Prince Rupert, with a proof of his first mezzotinto in his hand, after Rembrandt. Earl of Besborough.
17. Colonel John Russel. Althorp.
18. Algernon, Earl of Northumberland. Castle Donington.
19. Henry Rich, Earl of Holland. Skeffington, Leicestershire.
20. Elias Ashmole, Windsor Herald. Museum, Oxford.
21. Thomas Killegrew (sm.) Corsham.
22. Secretary Thurloe. Mr. Cambridge.
23. Himself with a dog. Mr. Watson Taylor.
24. Sir W. and Lady Hammond. St. Alban's-court, Kent.
25. Sir Nicholas Raynton, Lord Mayor. Enfield, Middlesex.
The author of the Abrégé, observes, "Dobson étoit d'une moyenne taille, il avoit un esprit vif, et une conversation amusante qui lui donnoient entrée dans les meilleures compagnies. Il amassa des sommes considérables, dont tout autre auroit sçu profiter," p. 217.—D.
1
Lanzi, tom. ii. p. 165. The most admired of his pictures were those of our Saviour taken before Pilate, by torch-light, and a Wedding-supper, in the Florence Gallery. He is allowed to have been one of the most successful of the school of Caravaggio.—D.
2
Honthorst had acquired considerable fame in early life, during his residence in Italy, where he was called only "Gherardo dalle Notti." Among the more celebrated of his works in foreign collections are, the Prodigal Son, whose mistress is holding a light, now at Munich; Judith, in the Orleans; St. Sebastian ; and a Descent from the Cross, in the cathedral at Ghent. Lucien Buonaparte procured those which were once in the Giustiniani-palace.—A.
3
Descamps, vol. ii. p. 102.—D.
4
At Cashiobury, Lord Essex's, is a large picture of the Queen of Bohemia, and her [seven] children, by Honthorst. The elder sons are killing monsters that represent Envy, &c. The King of Bohemia, like Jupiter, with the queen again, like Juno, are in the clouds. The head of the queen (not the latter) is pretty well painted; the rest very flat and poor.

In Charles the First's collection there were eight large portraits by Honthorst.—D.

5
De Piles. Of the Princess Sophia there is a portrait in a straw hat by Honthorst, at Wilton, natural, but not very good. The other princess was Loui a

-5-

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Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Anecdotes of Painting in England; *
  • Contents to Vol. II *
  • List of Illustrations—vol. Ii. v
  • William Dobson, (1610—1646,) *
  • Gerard Honthorst, - (1592—1660,) 5
  • Artemisia Gentileschi, - (1590—1642,) 11
  • Nicholas Laniere, - (1568—1649,) 12
  • — Weesop 15
  • John De Critz 15
  • Francis Barlow, - (1626- 1702,) 20
  • Sir James Palmer, 23
  • Samuel Butler, 24
  • John Hoskins. - (— 1664.) 29
  • Alexander Cooper 30
  • Anne Carlisle, 31
  • John Petitot, - (1607—1691,) 31
  • Andrew Kearne, 40
  • John Schurman, 40
  • Edward Pierce, 40
  • Enoch Wyat 45
  • Zachary Taylor 46
  • John Osborn 46
  • Martin Johnson 46
  • —green, 47
  • Christian Van Vianen. 47
  • Francis Fanelli, 48
  • Theodore Rogiers 50
  • Thomas Rawlins. 50
  • John Varin, or Warin, - (1604—1672,) 51
  • Inigo Jones, - (1572—1652,) 52
  • Chapter XI - Artists During the Interregnum. 71
  • General Lambert, 71
  • Robert Walker, 71
  • Edward Mascall 73
  • — Heywood. 73
  • Peter Blondeau and Thomas Violet 74
  • Francis Carter 74
  • Chapter Xii. - Painters and Other Artists in the Reign of Charles Ii. 76
  • Isaac Fuller. - (— 1672.) 78
  • Cornelius Boll, 82
  • John Freeman, 82
  • RemÈe, or Remigius Van Lemput, 82
  • Henry Anderton 87
  • Samuel Van Hoogstraten, - (1627—1678,) 88
  • Balthazar Van Lemens, - (1637—1704,) 89
  • Mr. William Lightfoot, 91
  • Sir Peter Lely, - (1618—1680,) 91
  • Joseph Buckshorn, 102
  • John Greenhill, - (1649—1676,) 102
  • ——— Davenport, 103
  • Prosper Henry Lankrink, - (1628- 1692,) 103
  • John Vander Eyden, 105
  • Mrs. Anne Killigrew, - (1660—1685,) 106
  • ———bustler, [or Bosseler,] 107
  • Daniel Boon, 108
  • Isaac Paling, 108
  • Henry Paert, or Peart, 108
  • Henry Dankers, 108
  • Parrey Walton, 109
  • Thomas Flatman, - (1663—1688,) 110
  • Le Fevre De Venise, 112
  • Henry Gascar, 114
  • Simon Varelst, 114
  • Antonio Verrio, - (1639—1707,) 117
  • James Huysman, or Housman, - (1656—1696,) 121
  • Michael Wright 123
  • Edmund Ashfield, 125
  • Peter Roestraten, - (1627—1698,) 125
  • Gerard Soest, Called Zoust, - (1637—1681,) 126
  • [william] Reader, 128
  • John Loten, 128
  • Thomas Manby, 129
  • Nicholas Byer, 129
  • Adam Coloni, (1634—1681,) 129
  • John Griffiere, [the Old, 1645—1718,] 129
  • Thomas Stevenson, 133
  • Philip Duval, 133
  • Edward Hawker 133
  • Sir John Gawdie, - (1639—1708,) 134
  • B. Flesshier, 134
  • Benedetto Genaro, - (1633—1715,) 134
  • Gaspar Netscher, - (1639—1684,) 135
  • Jacob Pen, 136
  • Sunman, 136
  • William Shephard, 136
  • — Steiner, 136
  • Peter Stoop, - (1619—1686,) 136
  • ——— Waggoner, 138
  • Alexander Souville, 138
  • William Vandevelde, - (1610—1693,) 138
  • William Vandevelde the Younger. - (1633—1707.) 139
  • John Vosterman, 141
  • William Wissing, - (1656—1687,) 142
  • Adrian Henny, or Hennin, 143
  • Herbert Tuer 143
  • Tempesta and Tomaso, 144
  • Samuel Cooper, - (1609—1672,) 145
  • Richard Gibson, - (1616—1690,) 149
  • William Gibson, 151
  • Edward Gibson, 151
  • John Dixon, 151
  • Alexander Marshall, 152
  • William Hassel, 152
  • Matthew Snelling, 153
  • Mary Beale, - (1632—1697,) 153
  • Charles Beale, 160
  • Elizabeth Neal 161
  • Chapter XIII - Statuaries, Carvers, Architects, and Medallists, in the Reign of Charles Ii. 164
  • Thomas Burman 164
  • Bowden, Latham, and Bonne, 164
  • William Emmett 164
  • Francis Du Sart, 167
  • Grinling Gibbons, - (1648-1721,) 167
  • Lewis Payne 173
  • Architecture, 173
  • John Webb, 174
  • Captain William Winde, 174
  • — Marsh, 175
  • Monsieur Pouget, 175
  • Sir Christopher Wren, - (1632—1723,) 175
  • The Rotiers, 184
  • — Du Four. 187
  • George Bower, 188
  • Chapter Xiv. - Artists in the Reign of James Ii. 190
  • William G. Ferguson, 190
  • Jacques Rousseau, 190
  • Charles De La Fosse, - (1640—1716,) 191
  • N. Heude 192
  • William De Keisar, 192
  • [nicholas] Largilliere, - (1656-1746,) 193
  • John Sybrecht, - (1630—1703,) 194
  • Henry Tilson 195
  • — Fancati, 195
  • Thomas Beniere, 195
  • — Quellin, 196
  • Thomas East 196
  • Chapter XV - Painters in the Reign of King William. 201
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, - (1648—1723,) 202
  • John James Bakker 214
  • Jacob Vander Roer, 214
  • John Pieters 215
  • John Baptist Monoyer, - (1635—1699,) 215
  • Henry Vergazon, 217
  • Philip Boul, 217
  • Edward Bubois 217
  • Simon Dubois, - (— 1708,) 217
  • Henry Cooke, - (1642—1700,) 218
  • Peter Berchett, - (1659-1720,) 220
  • Louis Cheron, - (1660—1713,) 220
  • John Riley, - (1646—1691,) 221
  • John Closterman, - (1656—1713,) 222
  • William Deryke, 223
  • Dirk Maas, or Theodore Maas, 223
  • Peter Vander Meulen, 224
  • Paul Mignart, 224
  • Frederic Kerseboom - (1632—1690,) 225
  • Sevonyans, [antony Schoonjans,] - (1655—1726) 226
  • Sir John [baptist] Medina - (1659—1711) 226
  • Marcellus Laroon - (1653—1702) 228
  • Thomas Pembroke 229
  • Francis Le Piper, - (—1740,) 229
  • Thomas Sadler 231
  • Godfrey Schalken, - (1643—1796,) 231
  • Gaspar Smitz, - (— 1707,) 233
  • Thomas Van Wyck - (1616—1686) 234
  • John Van Wyck, - (— 1702,) 235
  • Sir Martin Beckman, 235
  • Henry Van [der] Straaten, 235
  • J. Woolaston, 236
  • John Schnell, - (1672—1714,) 237
  • Sir Ralph Cole, [baronet,] 237
  • — Hefele, 237
  • The Bishop of Ely. 238
  • Simon Digby, 238
  • Susan Penelope Rose, 238
  • Mary More, 238
  • John Bushnell, - (— 1701,) 239
  • Thomas Stanton, 241
  • D. Le Marchand 241
  • William Talman, 241
  • Sir William Wilson 242
  • Chapter XVI - Painters and Other Artists in the Reign of Queen Anne. 243
  • [antonio] Pelegrini, - (1675—1741,) 243
  • Marco Ricci, or Rizzi, - (1679—1729,) 244
  • — Baker 245
  • James Bogdani 245
  • William Claret, - (— 1706,) 245
  • Thomas Murray, - (1666—1724,) 246
  • Hugh Howard, - (—1737,) 246
  • James Parmentier, - (1658—1730,) 247
  • John Vander Vaart, - (1647—1721,) 248
  • Rhodolphus Shmutz - (—— 1715,) 248
  • — Preudhomme, 249
  • Colonel Seymour, 249
  • [charles] Boit, - (— 1726,) 249
  • Lewis Crosse, - (— 1724,) 251
  • Francis Bird. - (1667—1731.) 252
  • Sir John Vanbrugh, - (1666—1726,) 254
  • —roberti, 258
  • —bagotti 258
  • John Croker 258
  • Louis Laguerre, - (1663—1721,) 261
  • Michael Dahl, - (1656—1743,) 264
  • Peter Angelis, - (1685—1734,) 266
  • Antony Russel, - (— 1743,) 267
  • Luke Cradock, - (— 1717,) 267
  • Peter Casteels, - (1684—1749,) 268
  • —d'Agar, 269
  • Charles Jervas, - (1675—1739.) 269
  • Jonathan Richardson - (1665—1745) 273
  • [giuseppe] Grisoni - (— 1769) 277
  • William Aikman - (1682-1731) 278
  • John Alexander, 278
  • Sir James Thornhill, - (1676—1734,) 279
  • Robert Brown 283
  • [antonio] Bellucci, - (1654—1726,) 283
  • Balthazar Denner, - (1685—1747,) 285
  • Francis [paul] Ferg, - (1689—1740,) 286
  • Thomas Gibson, - (1680—1751,) 287
  • [thomas] Hill 287
  • Peter Monamy, - (— 1749,) 287
  • James Van Huysum, 288
  • James Maubert, - (—1746,) 288
  • [antoine] Pesne, - (1683—1757,) 288
  • John Stevens, 288
  • John Smibert, - (— 1751,) 289
  • — Trevett - (— 1723) 290
  • Henry Trench - (— 1726) 290
  • Peter Tillemans - (1684—1734) 290
  • John Vanderbank, - (1694—1739,) 292
  • Samuel Barker, 292
  • Peter Vanbleeck - (—1764,) 292
  • [herman] Vandermijn, - (1684—1741,) 293
  • Enoch Zeeman. - (— 1744.) 294
  • [antoine] Watteau. - (1684—1721,) 295
  • Robert Woodcock, - (1692—1728,) 296
  • Isaac Whood - (1689—1752) 297
  • [isaac] Vogelsang, - (1688—1753,) 297
  • — Zurich, - (— 1735,) 297
  • Christian Richter, - (— 1732) 298
  • Jacques Antoine Arlaud - (1668—1743) 298
  • Mrs. Hoadley, 300
  • Chapter XVIII - Architects and Other Artists in the Reign of George I. 302
  • Nicholas Hawksmoor. - (1667—1736.) 303
  • James Gibbs, - (1683—1754,) *
  • Colin Campbell, 312
  • John James, 312
  • — Carpentiere, 313
  • Charles Christian Reisen, - (1680—1725,) 313
  • Chapter XIX - Painters in the Reign of King George Ii. 316
  • Hans Huyssing, 317
  • Charles Collins 317
  • — Cooper 318
  • Bartholo Mew Dandridge, 318
  • —— Damini, 318
  • Jeremiah Davison, - (— 1745,) 318
  • John Ellis, 318
  • Philip Mercier, - (1689—1760,) 319
  • Joseph Francis Nollekins, - (1702—1747,) 319
  • — Robinson, 320
  • AndrÉa Soldi, 320
  • Chevalier Rusca, 320
  • Stephen Slaughter - (— 1765,) 321
  • James Worsdale 321
  • Ranelagh Barrett - (— 1768,) 321
  • John Wootton, - (— 1765,) 322
  • Joseph Highmore, - (1692—1780,) 322
  • Thomas Hudson, - (1701—1779,) 323
  • Francis Hayman, - (1708—1776,) 324
  • Samuel Scott, - (—1772,) 325
  • Mr. Taverner, 326
  • George Knapton - (1698—1778) 326
  • Francis Cotes, - (1726—1770,) 327
  • William Oram 327
  • John Shackleton 327
  • Giacomo Amiconi, - (1675—1762,) 327
  • James Seymour - (1702—1752,) 329
  • John Baptist Vanloo, - (1684—1746,) 330
  • Joseph Vanaken. 331
  • — Clermont, 332
  • [antonio] Canaletti, - (1697—1768,) 332
  • — Joli, 333
  • George Lambert, - (— 1765.) 333
  • Thomas Worlidge, - (1700—1766,) 334
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