ARTISTS IN THE REIGN OF JAMES II.
THE short and tempestuous reign of James, though he himself seems to have had much inclination to them, afforded small encouragement to the arts. His religion was not of a complexion to exclude decoration; but four years, crowded with insurrections, prosecutions, innovations, were not likely to make a figure in a history of painting. Several performers, that had resided here in the preceding reign, continued through that of James: such as may peculiarly be ascribed to his short period, I shall recapitulate.
a Scot, who lived long in Italy and France, painted still- life, dead fowl, &c.; while in Italy he composed two pictures, sold in Andrew Hay's sale, representing bas-reliefs, antique stones, &c. on which the light was thrown, says Vertue, in a surprising manner. His name and the date 1679 were on them. On another was the year 1689; for which reason I have placed him between the periods. He worked very cheap, and died here.
of Paris, studied first under Swanevelt, who had married one of his relations, and then improved himself by a journey to Italy, practising solely in perspective, architecture, and landscape. On his return home he was employed at Marly; but being a Protestant, he quitted his work on the persecution of his brethren, and retired to Switzerland. Louis invited him back; he refused, but sent his designs, and recommended a proper person to execute them. After a short stay in Switzerland, he went to Holland, whence he____________________