Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2

By Horace Walpole | Go to book overview

SIR JAMES THORNHILL,

(1676—1734,)

a man of much note in his time, who succeeded Verrio, and was the rival of Laguerre in the decorations of our palaces and public buildings, was born at Weymouth, in Dorsetshire, was knighted by George I., 1 and was elected to represent his native town in Parliament. His chief works were—the dome of St. Paul's, an apartment at Hampton-court, the altar-piece of the chapel of All-souls, at Oxford, 2 another for Weymouth, of which he made them a present, 3 the hall at Blenheim, the chapel at Lord Oxford's, at Wimpole, in Cambridgeshire, the saloon and other things for Mr. Styles, at Moor-park, Hertfordshire, 4 and the great hall at Greenwich-hospital. 5 Yet, high as his reputation

____________________
1
Born at Woodland, in Melcombe Regis, which borough, and not Weymouth, he represented in Parliament, in 1719 (5th George I.) He had been preceded there by Sir Christopher Wren. Knighted, 1715. The title of Historical Painter to the Crown was first given to him by Queen Anne.—D.
2
The paintings in the interior circle of the cupola of St. Paul's cathedral consist of eight very large compartments, the subjects of which are taken from the life and history of that apostle. They are drawn in chiaro-scuro, heightened with gold. In the Anecdotes of Bishop Newton, prefixed to his works, vol. i. p. 105, he observes, "Sir J. Thornhill had painted the history of St. Paul in the cupola, the worst part of the church that could have been painted ; for the pictures are there exposed to the changes of the weather, suffer greatly from damp and heat; and let what will be done to prevent it, must in no very long time all decay and perish. It was happy therefore that Sir James's eight original sketches and designs, which were finished higher than usual, in order to be carried and shown to Q. Anne, were purchased of his family at the recommendation of the Dean (Dr. Newton), in the year 1779, and are hung up in the great room of the Chapter-house. Beside, the exposition of these pictures in the cupola is 170 feet from the ground, so that they cannot be conveniently seen from any part, and add little to the beauty of the church." They are now (1827) blistered and parted from the surface.—D.
3
The altar-piece at Weymouth was engraved by a young man, his scholar, whom he set up in that business.
4
Moor-park was designed by Giacomo Leoni, and built for Mr. Styles, the richest of the South-sea adventurers. Sir J. Thornhill was the surveyor. He painted the saloon and hall ; the ceiling of the first-mentioned is an exact copy of Guido's Aurora, in the Rospigliosi palace, at Rome. In the hall are four large compartments, which exhibit the story of Jupiter and Io, from Ovid's Metamorphoses.—D.
5
The hall of Greenwich hospital has been generally considered as Thornhill's largest and best work. In the centre, King William and Queen Mary are allegorically represented as sitting, and attended by the Virtues and Hymen, who support the sceptre ; the king appears to be giving peace to Europe. The twelve signs of the zodiac surround the great oval in which he is painted ; the four seasons are seen above, and the sun (Apollo), drawn by his four horses, makes his tour through the zodiac. The four elements are represented in the angles ; and between the colossal figures which support the balustrade are placed the portraits of those able mathematicians, by whom the art of navigation has been perfected, Tycho Brahe, Copernicus, and Newton. The whole ceiling was the work of Thornhill, and the design has as much of propriety and meaning as is usually presented by the

-279-

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Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Anecdotes of Painting in England; *
  • Contents to Vol. II *
  • List of Illustrations—vol. Ii. v
  • William Dobson, (1610—1646,) *
  • Gerard Honthorst, - (1592—1660,) 5
  • Artemisia Gentileschi, - (1590—1642,) 11
  • Nicholas Laniere, - (1568—1649,) 12
  • — Weesop 15
  • John De Critz 15
  • Francis Barlow, - (1626- 1702,) 20
  • Sir James Palmer, 23
  • Samuel Butler, 24
  • John Hoskins. - (— 1664.) 29
  • Alexander Cooper 30
  • Anne Carlisle, 31
  • John Petitot, - (1607—1691,) 31
  • Andrew Kearne, 40
  • John Schurman, 40
  • Edward Pierce, 40
  • Enoch Wyat 45
  • Zachary Taylor 46
  • John Osborn 46
  • Martin Johnson 46
  • —green, 47
  • Christian Van Vianen. 47
  • Francis Fanelli, 48
  • Theodore Rogiers 50
  • Thomas Rawlins. 50
  • John Varin, or Warin, - (1604—1672,) 51
  • Inigo Jones, - (1572—1652,) 52
  • Chapter XI - Artists During the Interregnum. 71
  • General Lambert, 71
  • Robert Walker, 71
  • Edward Mascall 73
  • — Heywood. 73
  • Peter Blondeau and Thomas Violet 74
  • Francis Carter 74
  • Chapter Xii. - Painters and Other Artists in the Reign of Charles Ii. 76
  • Isaac Fuller. - (— 1672.) 78
  • Cornelius Boll, 82
  • John Freeman, 82
  • RemÈe, or Remigius Van Lemput, 82
  • Henry Anderton 87
  • Samuel Van Hoogstraten, - (1627—1678,) 88
  • Balthazar Van Lemens, - (1637—1704,) 89
  • Mr. William Lightfoot, 91
  • Sir Peter Lely, - (1618—1680,) 91
  • Joseph Buckshorn, 102
  • John Greenhill, - (1649—1676,) 102
  • ——— Davenport, 103
  • Prosper Henry Lankrink, - (1628- 1692,) 103
  • John Vander Eyden, 105
  • Mrs. Anne Killigrew, - (1660—1685,) 106
  • ———bustler, [or Bosseler,] 107
  • Daniel Boon, 108
  • Isaac Paling, 108
  • Henry Paert, or Peart, 108
  • Henry Dankers, 108
  • Parrey Walton, 109
  • Thomas Flatman, - (1663—1688,) 110
  • Le Fevre De Venise, 112
  • Henry Gascar, 114
  • Simon Varelst, 114
  • Antonio Verrio, - (1639—1707,) 117
  • James Huysman, or Housman, - (1656—1696,) 121
  • Michael Wright 123
  • Edmund Ashfield, 125
  • Peter Roestraten, - (1627—1698,) 125
  • Gerard Soest, Called Zoust, - (1637—1681,) 126
  • [william] Reader, 128
  • John Loten, 128
  • Thomas Manby, 129
  • Nicholas Byer, 129
  • Adam Coloni, (1634—1681,) 129
  • John Griffiere, [the Old, 1645—1718,] 129
  • Thomas Stevenson, 133
  • Philip Duval, 133
  • Edward Hawker 133
  • Sir John Gawdie, - (1639—1708,) 134
  • B. Flesshier, 134
  • Benedetto Genaro, - (1633—1715,) 134
  • Gaspar Netscher, - (1639—1684,) 135
  • Jacob Pen, 136
  • Sunman, 136
  • William Shephard, 136
  • — Steiner, 136
  • Peter Stoop, - (1619—1686,) 136
  • ——— Waggoner, 138
  • Alexander Souville, 138
  • William Vandevelde, - (1610—1693,) 138
  • William Vandevelde the Younger. - (1633—1707.) 139
  • John Vosterman, 141
  • William Wissing, - (1656—1687,) 142
  • Adrian Henny, or Hennin, 143
  • Herbert Tuer 143
  • Tempesta and Tomaso, 144
  • Samuel Cooper, - (1609—1672,) 145
  • Richard Gibson, - (1616—1690,) 149
  • William Gibson, 151
  • Edward Gibson, 151
  • John Dixon, 151
  • Alexander Marshall, 152
  • William Hassel, 152
  • Matthew Snelling, 153
  • Mary Beale, - (1632—1697,) 153
  • Charles Beale, 160
  • Elizabeth Neal 161
  • Chapter XIII - Statuaries, Carvers, Architects, and Medallists, in the Reign of Charles Ii. 164
  • Thomas Burman 164
  • Bowden, Latham, and Bonne, 164
  • William Emmett 164
  • Francis Du Sart, 167
  • Grinling Gibbons, - (1648-1721,) 167
  • Lewis Payne 173
  • Architecture, 173
  • John Webb, 174
  • Captain William Winde, 174
  • — Marsh, 175
  • Monsieur Pouget, 175
  • Sir Christopher Wren, - (1632—1723,) 175
  • The Rotiers, 184
  • — Du Four. 187
  • George Bower, 188
  • Chapter Xiv. - Artists in the Reign of James Ii. 190
  • William G. Ferguson, 190
  • Jacques Rousseau, 190
  • Charles De La Fosse, - (1640—1716,) 191
  • N. Heude 192
  • William De Keisar, 192
  • [nicholas] Largilliere, - (1656-1746,) 193
  • John Sybrecht, - (1630—1703,) 194
  • Henry Tilson 195
  • — Fancati, 195
  • Thomas Beniere, 195
  • — Quellin, 196
  • Thomas East 196
  • Chapter XV - Painters in the Reign of King William. 201
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, - (1648—1723,) 202
  • John James Bakker 214
  • Jacob Vander Roer, 214
  • John Pieters 215
  • John Baptist Monoyer, - (1635—1699,) 215
  • Henry Vergazon, 217
  • Philip Boul, 217
  • Edward Bubois 217
  • Simon Dubois, - (— 1708,) 217
  • Henry Cooke, - (1642—1700,) 218
  • Peter Berchett, - (1659-1720,) 220
  • Louis Cheron, - (1660—1713,) 220
  • John Riley, - (1646—1691,) 221
  • John Closterman, - (1656—1713,) 222
  • William Deryke, 223
  • Dirk Maas, or Theodore Maas, 223
  • Peter Vander Meulen, 224
  • Paul Mignart, 224
  • Frederic Kerseboom - (1632—1690,) 225
  • Sevonyans, [antony Schoonjans,] - (1655—1726) 226
  • Sir John [baptist] Medina - (1659—1711) 226
  • Marcellus Laroon - (1653—1702) 228
  • Thomas Pembroke 229
  • Francis Le Piper, - (—1740,) 229
  • Thomas Sadler 231
  • Godfrey Schalken, - (1643—1796,) 231
  • Gaspar Smitz, - (— 1707,) 233
  • Thomas Van Wyck - (1616—1686) 234
  • John Van Wyck, - (— 1702,) 235
  • Sir Martin Beckman, 235
  • Henry Van [der] Straaten, 235
  • J. Woolaston, 236
  • John Schnell, - (1672—1714,) 237
  • Sir Ralph Cole, [baronet,] 237
  • — Hefele, 237
  • The Bishop of Ely. 238
  • Simon Digby, 238
  • Susan Penelope Rose, 238
  • Mary More, 238
  • John Bushnell, - (— 1701,) 239
  • Thomas Stanton, 241
  • D. Le Marchand 241
  • William Talman, 241
  • Sir William Wilson 242
  • Chapter XVI - Painters and Other Artists in the Reign of Queen Anne. 243
  • [antonio] Pelegrini, - (1675—1741,) 243
  • Marco Ricci, or Rizzi, - (1679—1729,) 244
  • — Baker 245
  • James Bogdani 245
  • William Claret, - (— 1706,) 245
  • Thomas Murray, - (1666—1724,) 246
  • Hugh Howard, - (—1737,) 246
  • James Parmentier, - (1658—1730,) 247
  • John Vander Vaart, - (1647—1721,) 248
  • Rhodolphus Shmutz - (—— 1715,) 248
  • — Preudhomme, 249
  • Colonel Seymour, 249
  • [charles] Boit, - (— 1726,) 249
  • Lewis Crosse, - (— 1724,) 251
  • Francis Bird. - (1667—1731.) 252
  • Sir John Vanbrugh, - (1666—1726,) 254
  • —roberti, 258
  • —bagotti 258
  • John Croker 258
  • Louis Laguerre, - (1663—1721,) 261
  • Michael Dahl, - (1656—1743,) 264
  • Peter Angelis, - (1685—1734,) 266
  • Antony Russel, - (— 1743,) 267
  • Luke Cradock, - (— 1717,) 267
  • Peter Casteels, - (1684—1749,) 268
  • —d'Agar, 269
  • Charles Jervas, - (1675—1739.) 269
  • Jonathan Richardson - (1665—1745) 273
  • [giuseppe] Grisoni - (— 1769) 277
  • William Aikman - (1682-1731) 278
  • John Alexander, 278
  • Sir James Thornhill, - (1676—1734,) 279
  • Robert Brown 283
  • [antonio] Bellucci, - (1654—1726,) 283
  • Balthazar Denner, - (1685—1747,) 285
  • Francis [paul] Ferg, - (1689—1740,) 286
  • Thomas Gibson, - (1680—1751,) 287
  • [thomas] Hill 287
  • Peter Monamy, - (— 1749,) 287
  • James Van Huysum, 288
  • James Maubert, - (—1746,) 288
  • [antoine] Pesne, - (1683—1757,) 288
  • John Stevens, 288
  • John Smibert, - (— 1751,) 289
  • — Trevett - (— 1723) 290
  • Henry Trench - (— 1726) 290
  • Peter Tillemans - (1684—1734) 290
  • John Vanderbank, - (1694—1739,) 292
  • Samuel Barker, 292
  • Peter Vanbleeck - (—1764,) 292
  • [herman] Vandermijn, - (1684—1741,) 293
  • Enoch Zeeman. - (— 1744.) 294
  • [antoine] Watteau. - (1684—1721,) 295
  • Robert Woodcock, - (1692—1728,) 296
  • Isaac Whood - (1689—1752) 297
  • [isaac] Vogelsang, - (1688—1753,) 297
  • — Zurich, - (— 1735,) 297
  • Christian Richter, - (— 1732) 298
  • Jacques Antoine Arlaud - (1668—1743) 298
  • Mrs. Hoadley, 300
  • Chapter XVIII - Architects and Other Artists in the Reign of George I. 302
  • Nicholas Hawksmoor. - (1667—1736.) 303
  • James Gibbs, - (1683—1754,) *
  • Colin Campbell, 312
  • John James, 312
  • — Carpentiere, 313
  • Charles Christian Reisen, - (1680—1725,) 313
  • Chapter XIX - Painters in the Reign of King George Ii. 316
  • Hans Huyssing, 317
  • Charles Collins 317
  • — Cooper 318
  • Bartholo Mew Dandridge, 318
  • —— Damini, 318
  • Jeremiah Davison, - (— 1745,) 318
  • John Ellis, 318
  • Philip Mercier, - (1689—1760,) 319
  • Joseph Francis Nollekins, - (1702—1747,) 319
  • — Robinson, 320
  • AndrÉa Soldi, 320
  • Chevalier Rusca, 320
  • Stephen Slaughter - (— 1765,) 321
  • James Worsdale 321
  • Ranelagh Barrett - (— 1768,) 321
  • John Wootton, - (— 1765,) 322
  • Joseph Highmore, - (1692—1780,) 322
  • Thomas Hudson, - (1701—1779,) 323
  • Francis Hayman, - (1708—1776,) 324
  • Samuel Scott, - (—1772,) 325
  • Mr. Taverner, 326
  • George Knapton - (1698—1778) 326
  • Francis Cotes, - (1726—1770,) 327
  • William Oram 327
  • John Shackleton 327
  • Giacomo Amiconi, - (1675—1762,) 327
  • James Seymour - (1702—1752,) 329
  • John Baptist Vanloo, - (1684—1746,) 330
  • Joseph Vanaken. 331
  • — Clermont, 332
  • [antonio] Canaletti, - (1697—1768,) 332
  • — Joli, 333
  • George Lambert, - (— 1765.) 333
  • Thomas Worlidge, - (1700—1766,) 334
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