Anecdotes of Painting in England: With Some Account of the Principal Artists - Vol. 2

By Horace Walpole | Go to book overview
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and published a set of prints of fishes, or the wonders of the deep. Arnold had a brother, who painted in the same way, and scraped mezzotintos.


CLERMONT,

a Frenchman, was many years in England; painted in grotesque, foliages with birds and monkeys, and executed several ceilings and ornaments of buildings in gardens : particularly a gallery for Frederic, Prince of Wales, at Kew; two temples in the Duke of Marlborough's island near Windsor, called from his grotesques, Monkey-island; the ceiling of Lord Radnor's gallery, and of my Gothic library at Twickenham; the sides of Lord Strafford's eating- room in St. James's-square, from Raphael's loggie in the Vatican; and a ceiling for Lord Northumberland at Sion. Clermont returned to his own country in 1754.


[ANTONIO] CANALETTI,

(1697—1768,)

the well-known painter of views of Venice, came to England in 1746, when he was about the age of fifty, by persuasion of his countryman Amiconi, and encouraged by the multitudes of pictures he had sold to or sent over to the English. 1 He was then in good circumstances, and it was

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1
He etched fourteen views in Rome, published in 1735. His real name was CANAL, but after he had rendered himself famous for his views of Venice, he styled himself CANALETTO or CANALETTI, for he used both designations. He was born in 1697, the son of a scene painter. At Rome he distinguished himself, and submitted a wild genius to the rules of art. When first he returned to Venice, he composed views so as to admit of the more celebrated buildings of Palladio, which were not strictly topographical. Joseph Smith, the English resident at Venice, engaged Canaletto to work for him for a term of years at low prices, but retailed the pictures, at an enormous profit, to English travellers. The artist was aware of this injustice, and determined on a journey to England. Upon his arrival in London he was employed to make views on the river Thames, including St. Paul's, &c. Two of these are at Goodwood, Sussex. He had abandoned his bright Italian blue skies, and substituted for them, what indeed he saw, a dense English atmosphere. Finding that he could not paint Italian scenes, excepting that they were before his eyes, he soon left this country to finish his commissions.

Mr. Smith's collection of gems, with many pictures by Canaletto and Zuccarelli, was sold to his late majesty for 20,000l. The Dactyliotheca Smithiana, with dissertations by Gori, was published at Venice, in two volumes 4to. with engravings, in 1767.—D.

[Canaletto died at Venice in 1768. His works are often confounded with those of his nephew, Bernardo Bellotto, known at Dresden as Count Bellotto. Bellotto,

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