INCIDENTS IN THE GULF
Combat leaders often forget of the combat support role played by chemical soldiers in Vietnam, including the aircraft-mounted M3 concealed personnel detectors (“people-sniffers”), the flame support missions and Ranch Hand operations. Also forgotten were the smoke, flame and chemical mortar operations of the Korean era. All these operations put chemical soldiers in the line of fire next to their combat arms brethren.
Field manuals released include FM 3-3, Contamination Avoidance, dated May 1987, FM 3-4, Protection, dated October 1985, FM 3-5, Decontamination, dated June 1985, FM 3-6, Field Behavior of NBC Agents, dated November 1986, FM 3-50, Deliberate Smoke Operations, dated October 1984, FM 3-100, NBC Operations, dated September 1985, FM 3-101, Chemical Staff and Units, dated April 1987.
The 71st Chemical Company was the first smoke/decon unit. Other dual units activated prior to 1986 were actually decontamination units refitted as dual-purpose (Smoke/Decon).
Colonel Mike Ahern, personal letter to author, April 10, 1995.
Lieutenant Colonel (Ret.) Mike D'Andries, interview with author, Edgewood, MD, February 1996.
Colonel Rick Read, interview with author, Edgewood, MD, July 1996.
Association of the United States Army [hereafter AUSA], Personal Perspectives on the Gulf War (Arlington, VA: Institute of Land Warfare [ILW], 1993), p. 21.
Specialist Frank Clark, e-mail message to author, March 17, 1995.
Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Franke, e-mail message to author, June 8, 1995.
AUSA, Personal Perspectives, p. 75.
AUSA, Personal Perspectives, pp. 86-87.
Captain Shirley DeGroot, e-mail message to author, August 28, 1995.
Colonel (Ret.) Bob Thornton, interview with author, Anniston, AL, May 22, 1995.
Captain Nick Swayne, e-mail messages to author, March 21 and 23, 1995.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Chemical-Biological Defense: U.S. Military Policies and Decisions in the Gulf War.
Contributors: Albert J.Mauroni - Author.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1998.
Page number: 209.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.