The blueprint for building peace in Bosnia is set out in the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Consisting of 10 articles and 11 accompanying annexes, 1 the peace agreement's first objective was to establish a durable cessation of hostilities. In the annex on the military aspects of the peace settlement, the warring parties agreed to: withdraw their forces behind a zone of separation surrounding the cease-fire line; vacate areas that were to be transferred to the control of another party; and withdraw all heavy weapons and forces to barracks areas. 2 The peace agreement also seeks to increase regional stability through confidence and security building measures and arms control. In the annex on regional stabilization the parties agreed to negotiate, under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, a series of confidence and security building measures and an arms control agreement. 3
Beyond establishing a durable cease-fire and increasing regional stability, the General Framework Agreement attempts to set in motion a nation-building process. The annex on elections requested the OSCE to put in train an elections program for Bosnia and Herzegovina; the agreement on refugees and displaced persons called on the UNHCR to develop a repatriation plan for the return of refugees and displaced persons; the annex on an international police task force requested the United Nations to establish a police force to assist the parties in creating civilian law enforcement agencies; and the agreement on civilian implementation
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Bosnia and the New Collective Security. Contributors: Elinor C. Sloan - Author. Publisher: Praeger. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1998. Page number: 83.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.