The UN Convention on
the Rights of the Child:
in particular Article 30
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the latest of the major UN treaties on human rights. The Convention follows a 1959 UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child, 1 and was adopted by the General Assembly of the UN in 1989, 2 coming into force in 1990 after the twentieth ratification. 3 It is the most widely ratified human rights treaty emanating from the UN 4 - only two States have not become parties. 5 The Convention is extensive, with fifty-four articles in total; the substantive provisions are set out in Articles 1 to 41. 6 The text contains a mix of general human rights and humanitarian law principles which are adapted to the special circumstances of children such as freedom of expression, 7 freedom of thought, conscience and religion, 8 and the right to education, 9 and new rights including as those relating to fostering and adoption 10 and rights to protection from sexual and other exploitation. 11 The Guidelines for periodic____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights. Contributors: Patrick Thornberry - Author. Publisher: Manchester University Press. Place of publication: Manchester, England. Publication year: 2002. Page number: 225.
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