American Statesmen: Secretaries of State from John Jay to Colin Powell

By Edward S. Mihalkanin | Go to book overview

WARREN CHRISTOPHER (1925-)

Served 1993-1997

Appointed by President Bill Clinton

Democrat

During his two terms in office William Jefferson Clinton, the 42nd president, was served by two secretaries of state. The first of these was Warren Minor Christopher, who was born in Scranton, North Dakota, on October 27, 1925. From 1943 until 1946, he served in the Naval Reserve. Christopher received a bachelor's degree from the University of Southern California in 1945 and a law degree from Stanford University in 1949. Christopher is married to the former Marie Wyllis.

From 1949 to 1950, Christopher served as law clerk to U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas. He practiced law with O'Melveny & Myers from 1950 to 1967 and became a major figure in California legal and political circles while with the firm. He became a partner in 1958, and special counsel to California Governor Edmund G. (Pat) Brown in 1959. Christopher served from 1965 to 1966 as vice-chairman of the governor's commission that investigated the 1964 Los Angeles riots in Watts.

In 1991, Christopher served as chairman of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department, which identified several dozen “problem officers” and proposed significant reforms of the Los Angeles Police Department in the aftermath of the Rodney King beating incident. These reforms were approved overwhelmingly by a public referendum.

In 1992 Christopher directed the vice presidential search for Bill Clinton that chose Tennessee Senator Al Gore, and he served as the director of Clinton's presidential transition team. In 2000 Christopher headed Democratic presidential nominee Al Gore's vice presidential candidate search that selected Connecticut Senator Joseph Lieberman.

Christopher's national governmental career prior to becoming secretary of state is steeped in the mainstream of the Democratic Party and its national elected offi-cials. He served in some capacity in every Democratic administration since Lyndon Johnson. He served as deputy attorney general late in the Johnson administration (from 1967 to 1969), after which he rejoined O'Melveny & Myers. Christopher served as President Carter's deputy secretary of state (under Cyrus Vance) from

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American Statesmen: Secretaries of State from John Jay to Colin Powell
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Credo vii
  • Contents ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Introduction xix
  • Dean Acheson (1893-1971) 1
  • John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) 20
  • Madeleine Albright (1937-) 34
  • Robert Bacon (1860-1919) 41
  • James Baker III (1930-) 43
  • Thomas F. Bayard (1828-1898) 51
  • Jeremiah S. Black (1810-1883) 58
  • James G. Blaine (1830-1893) 61
  • William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925) 74
  • James Buchanan (1791-1868) 83
  • James F. Byrnes (1879-1972) 88
  • John C. Calhoun (1782-1850) 98
  • Lewis Cass (1782-1866) 105
  • Warren Christopher (1925-) 116
  • Henry Clay (1777-1852) 123
  • John M. Clayton (1796-1856) 135
  • Bainbridge Colby (1869-1950) 141
  • William R. Day (1849-1923) 149
  • John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) 163
  • Lawrence S. Eagleburger (1930-) 179
  • William M. Evarts (1818-1901) 182
  • Edward Everett (1794-1865) 188
  • Hamilton Fish (1808-1893) 191
  • John Forsyth (1780-1841) 200
  • John W. Foster (1836-1917) 213
  • Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (1817-1885) 220
  • Walter Q. Gresham (1832-1895) 226
  • Alexander M. Haig, Jr. (1924-) 234
  • John Hay (1838-1905) Served 1898-1905 238
  • Christian Herter (1895-1966) 247
  • Charles Evans Hughes (1862-1948) 254
  • Cordell Hull (1871-1955) 263
  • John Jay (1745-1829) 273
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) 279
  • Frank B. Kellogg (1856-1937) 293
  • Henry Kissinger (1923-) 299
  • Philander C. Knox (1853-1921) 307
  • Robert Lansing (1864-1928) 314
  • Hugh S. LegarÉ (1797-1843) 325
  • Edward Livingston (1764-1836) 328
  • James Madison (1751-1836) 334
  • William L. Marcy (1786-1857) 348
  • George C. Marshall (1880-1959) 351
  • Bibliographical Essay 363
  • John Marshall (1755-1835) 364
  • Louis Mclane (1786-1857) 368
  • James Monroe (1758-1831) 373
  • Edmund S. Muskie (1914-1996) 389
  • Richard Olney (1835-1917) 393
  • Timothy Pickering (1745-1829) 400
  • Colin Powell (1937-) 406
  • Edmund Randolph (1753-1813) 416
  • William P. Rogers (1913-2001) 421
  • Elihu Root (1845-1937) 430
  • Dean Rusk (1909-1994) 443
  • William H. Seward (1801-1872) 450
  • John Sherman (1823-1900) 466
  • George P. Shultz (1920-) 472
  • Robert Smith (1757-1842) 478
  • Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1900-1949) 484
  • Henry L. Stimson (1867-1950) 491
  • Abel P. Upshur (1790-1844) 498
  • Martin Van Buren (1782-1862) 504
  • Bibliographical Essay 511
  • Cyrus Vance (1917-2002) 512
  • Elihu B. Washburne (1816-1887) 521
  • Daniel Webster (1782-1852) 523
  • List of Contributors 535
  • Quick Reference Chronology of Secretaries of State 537
  • Index 541
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