This book is about international trade finance assistance to exporters and the evaluation of such aid. (It is not meant to be advisory about what government policy should do to improve trade flows and national economies; that is the subject of another book.) In the first two chapters, it examines the importance of global trade and the financing of that trade. Chapter 2 contains an examination of the importance of world trade from several viewpoints. Chapter 3 is devoted to the banking system as a major player in financing international trade, with the focus on U.S. financial institutions and methods for financing international trade, both conventional and nontraditional. The next three chapters focus on the major U.S. organizations whose objectives are to assist U.S. firms to export their goods and services: the U.S. Export-Import Bank, the Foreign Credit Insurance Association (FCIA), and the Public Export Funding Corporation (PEFCO). Chapter 7 covers other public and private sources of export assistance available in the United States, and an analysis of the cooperative efforts among U.S. agencies, banks, and specialized firms is covered in Chapter 8. A descriptive analysis of selected major foreign export credit agencies and their operations is the subject of Chapter 9, which also includes some comparative analysis presented. Finally, Chapter 10 presents an evaluation of the U.S. system of trade finance in relation to such operations performed in other countries. Appendixes and a selected bibliography conclude the book.