Ethnic Identity Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy

By Thomas Ambrosio | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
Quoted in Frank Greve, “Ethnic Lobby Powers Up, ” The Armenian Reporter 28, no. 50 (1995): 16.
2.
Very often, ethnic identities themselves are based on religious differences (Jewish- or Muslim-Americans) or racial categories (African-Americans). Consequently, it is difficult to separate ethnic, religious, and racial identities because they often overlap. In order to capture the widest possible range of groups, this definition is purposefully broad. Thus, it captures identities such as “whiteness” and “Anglo-Saxon Protestant.”
3.
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Disuniting of America (New York: Norton, 1992).
4.
Samuel P. Huntington, “The Erosion of American National Interests, ” Foreign Affairs 76, no. 5 (1997): 28-49; James Schlesinger, “Hyphenating Foreign Policy, ” National Interest 62 (Winter 2000-2001): 110-13.
5.
James Nathan and James Oliver, Foreign Policy Making and the American Political System (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994), 197-215.
6.
Stephen A. Garrett, “Eastern European Ethnic Groups and American Foreign Policy, ” Political Science Quarterly 93, no. 2 (1978): 305.
7.
John W. Dietrich, “Interest Groups and Foreign Policy: Clinton and the China MFN Debates, ” Presidential Studies Quarterly 29, no. 2 (1999): 280-96.
8.
Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan, eds., introduction to Ethnicity: Theory and Practice (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1975), 23.
9.
For an overview of the terminological chaos that too often plagues discussions of the relationship between state, nation, and ethnicity, see Walker Connor, “A Nation Is a Nation, Is a State, Is an Ethnic Group, Is a … , ” in Ethnonationalism: The Question for Understanding (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994), 90-117.
10.
It is important to note that in some cases, ethnic identity groups can reinforce policies that are deemed in U.S. national interests, independent of any ethnic lobby influence. For example, American support for Israel, its opposition to the Castro regime in Cuba, and American resistance to Soviet control over Eastern Europe, though supported by ethnic lobbies, were by almost any objective standard in line with U.S. national interests. The role of ethnic lobbies was to augment the legitimacy of these policies and strengthen U.S. commitments abroad. The close correspondence between ethnic lobby support and U.S. interests could be a potential problem if changes in America's international environment call for new policies and a particular ethnic lobby prevents these changes. For example, the end of the Cold War and the collapse of worldwide communism has not resulted in the removal of U.S. trade sanctions against Cuba, largely because of the strength of the Cuban-American lobby.
11.
Louis L. Gerson, The Hyphenate in Recent American Politics and Diplomacy (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1964). Some writers have dropped the hyphen when designating American ethnic groups such as African American, Asian American, or Serb American. However, in the context of this book, the hyphen has been kept, not to designate disloyalty to the United States (at no time is that implied by the contributors of this volume) but rather to recognize the importance of ethnic identities when formulating foreign policy. If ethnicity were irrelevant to one's “American” identity, the entire notion of a multicultural foreign policy would be moot.

-16-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Ethnic Identity Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 232

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.