An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945-1996

By John E. Jessup | Go to book overview
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Jackson, Geoffrey.
On 8 January 1971, the British ambassador to Uruguay, Geoffrey Jackson, was kidnapped in Montevideo by Tupamoro (qv) terrorists. The kidnappers demanded the release of 150 political prisoners as his ransom. In response, the Uruguayan government offered a reward of $50,000 for information leading to the ambassador's safe recovery (22 May 1971). On 9 September, Jackson was released unharmed following a 6 September Tupamoro attack on the Punta Carretas maximum security prison, where 111 prisoners were released.

Jadid, Salah.
On 28 February 1969, Hafez al-Assad (qv) moved to takeover power in Syria. In doing so, he challenged both the president, Nureddin al-Attassi (qv), and the head of the Baath Party, General Salah Jadid. In a compromise reached in March 1969, Jadid retained his post, as did al-Attassi. Jadid was reelected that year to the Baath National Executive Council. This placed Jadid in direct conflict with Assad over the ascendancy issue. On 13 November 1970, after the Baath Party congress failed to settle the dispute between the military and political wings of the party, Assad placed Jadid under house arrest. On 18 November, Assad seized power.

Jaffa, Palestine.
See Israel.

Jaffna.
See Sri Lanka.

Jagan, Cheddi.
On 14 June 1964, the royal governor of British Guiana, Sir Richard Luyt, was forced to assume emergency powers after a long period of racial disorder among the East Indian and black population of the colony. In one sense, much of this trouble was caused by the politics of Cheddi Jagan, who led the first elected government in the colony from 1953 until 1966. His People's Progressive Party (PPP) was procommunist and created such havoc that, in October 1953, the British government suspended the constitution and ordered in British troops. The constitution was not restored until 1957. At that time, the PPP split, with Jagan leading the East Indian wing and Forbes Bumham (qv) the African wing, the People's National Congress (PNC). The PPP won the 1957 elections, and did so again in 1961. In 1961, rioting and a long general strike began; British troops were once again called in. When Prime Minister Jagan

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