See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Tahar ben Ammar.
On 7 August 1954, Tunisia received its full internal independence from France's new premier, Pierre Mendes-France. A new Tunisian government was formed under Tahar ben Ammar. He remained in office until Habib Bourguiba (qv) formed a new and completely independent government in November 1955.
See Saudi Arabia.
An island 100 miles off the southeast coast of China, Taiwan is surrounded by the East China Sea on the north, the Pacific Ocean on the east, the Bashis Channel on the south, and the Strait of Formosa on the west. The capital is Taipeh. The island was originally inhabited by an aboriginal Malayo-Polynesian people from before the seventh century A.D. when the Chinese first became aware of its existence. Chinese settlement began in the seventeenth century. However, the Portuguese had already visited the island in 1590, naming it Ilha Formosa. They did not establish any settlements there, however, and it was not until the seventeenth century that Dutch and Spanish fortified trading settlements were observed. In 1646, the Dutch overran the Spanish settlement and took the island. The Chinese routed the Dutch in 1661 and began in large numbers to settle the island. In 1683, the Manchu Dynasty incorporated Taiwan into Fukien Province. By 1792, the Manchus had settled most of the island and begun a prosperous sugar business with the mainland. In 1865, the capital was designated at Taipeh, and Taiwan became a separate province of China. Following the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, the island was ceded to Japan. The principal export direction thereafter was to the Japanese home islands. Hydroelectric power turned the island toward an industrial economy by the 1930s. Following World War II, Taiwan was ceded back to China (1945). After