Multicultural Writers from Antiquity to 1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

By Alba Amoia; Bettina L.Knapp | Go to book overview

KIM SOWŎL

(1902-1934)

Maurizio Riotto


BIOGRAPHY

Kim Sowŏl's biography, like that of other writers of his period, combines foreign influences, traditional forms, and a spirit of nationalism. One of the most beloved poets of his country even though his literary production is quite sparse, Kim Sowŏl, whose real name was Kim Chŏngsik, was born in the region of north P'yŏng'an, today the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Brought up in straitened circumstances, he could attend school only intermittently. At a young age he began writing poetry, publishing his early works in the literary reviews Ch'angjo and Kaebyŏk.

He moved to Japan in 1923 or 1924, intending to go into business and improve his economic situation, but he failed in his objectives and went back to Korea. Nothing is known about his Japanese sojourn, from which he returned poorer than ever, but it must have been a determining influence on his poetry, the bulk of which was composed during the years 1920-25.

Doubt subsists as to whether or not he was a poet of resistance against the Japanese invader and a standard-bearer of nationalism and Korean cultural identity. What is certain is that he made a happy compromise between Eastern tradition on the one hand, in which the human being, far from being the “measure of all things, ” becomes painfully aware of the impossibility of overcoming the limitations imposed by marvelous, ineffable, and sovereign nature; and, on the other hand, the mature knowledge, understanding, and judgment that followed his readings of foreign works, mainly during his sojourn in Japan. He certainly must have read the French poets, some of whom (Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud) had been translated by Kim Ōk (1893-?, also called Anso), who had been Sowŏl's teacher in secondary school.

Kim Sowŏl did not adhere to any particular intellectual current, even if certain of his themes are similar to those adopted by the literary figures grouped around

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Multicultural Writers from Antiquity to 1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Alcuin 13
  • Selective Bibliography 16
  • Apuleius 17
  • Selective Bibliography 19
  • Antonin Artaud 21
  • Selective Bibliography 24
  • Saint Auqustine of Hippo 25
  • Selective Bibliography 28
  • William Beckford 29
  • Selective Bibliography 33
  • MarÍa Luisa Bombal 34
  • Jorge Luis Borges 38
  • James Boswell 43
  • Selective Bibliography 46
  • Fredrika Bremer 47
  • Selective Bibliography 50
  • The Brownings: Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning 51
  • George Gordon Byron 56
  • LuÍs Vaz De CamÕes 60
  • Ch'Oe Ch'IwŎn 64
  • Paul Claudel 67
  • Joseph Conrad 71
  • Stephen Crane 75
  • RubÉn DarÍo 79
  • Selective Bibliography 82
  • Alexandra David-Neel 83
  • Selective Bibliography 86
  • Charles Dickens 87
  • Selective Bibliography 90
  • Isak Dinesen (Karen Blixen) 91
  • Selective Bibliography 94
  • Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky 95
  • Selective Bibliography 99
  • Pierre Drieula Rochelle 101
  • George Eliot (Mary Anne, Later Mary Ann and Marian, Evans) 106
  • Selective Bibliography 109
  • Erasmus (Desiderius Erasmus Rotterdamus) 110
  • Gustave Flaubert 114
  • E.M.Forster 118
  • Margaret Fuller 122
  • George Gemistos Plethon 127
  • Selective Bibliography 130
  • AndrÉ Gide 131
  • Selective Bibliography 134
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe 135
  • Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol 140
  • Carlo Goldoni 144
  • Knut Pedersen Hamsun 148
  • The Hawthornes: Nathaniel Hawthorne and Sophia Peabody Hawthorne 152
  • Heinrich Heine 156
  • Ernest Hemingway 160
  • Johann Gottfried Von Herder 164
  • Selective Bibliography 167
  • Herodotus 168
  • Selective Bibliography 172
  • Hermann Hesse 173
  • Hugo Von Hofmannsthal 177
  • Horiguchi Daigaku 183
  • Selective Bibliography 186
  • Aldous Leonard Huxley 187
  • Ibn Battuta 192
  • Ibn Khaldun 196
  • Henrik Johan Ibsen 200
  • Selective Bibliography 203
  • Washington Irving 204
  • Viacheslav Ivanovich Ivanov 207
  • Henry James 212
  • Jiang Guangci 216
  • Selective Bibliography 219
  • Jean De Joinville 220
  • Flavius Josephus 224
  • Selective Bibliography 229
  • James Joyce 230
  • Selective Bibliography 233
  • Kabir 234
  • Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin 238
  • Selective Bibliography 241
  • Kim SowŎl 242
  • Rudyard Kipling 245
  • Selective Bibliography 248
  • Adamantios KoraÍs 249
  • BartolomÉ De Las Casas 253
  • D(avid) H(erbert) Lawrence 257
  • Selective Bibliography 260
  • Fanny Lewald 261
  • Selective Bibliography 265
  • Lin Yutang 266
  • Pierre Loti 270
  • AndrÉ Malraux 275
  • Thomas Mann 279
  • Selective Bibliography 282
  • W[illiam] Somerset Maugham 283
  • Selective Bibliography 286
  • Adam Mickiewicz 287
  • Henry Miller 291
  • Lady Mary Wortley Montagu 295
  • Montaigne (Michel Eyquem, Seigneur De) 299
  • Selective Bibliography 302
  • Charles-Louis De Secondat De Montesquieu 303
  • Selective Bibliography 306
  • Mori (RintarŌ) Ōgai 307
  • Nagai KafŪ 312
  • GÉrard De Nerval (GÉrard Labrunie) 316
  • Selective Bibliography 319
  • AnaÏs Nin 320
  • George Orwell 324
  • Pausanias 329
  • Fernando Pessoa 334
  • Selective Bibliography 337
  • Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) 339
  • Marco Polo 343
  • Jan Potocki 348
  • Selective Bibliography 351
  • Ameen F.Rihani 352
  • Selective Bibliography 355
  • Rainer Maria Rilke 356
  • George Sand (Amandine Aurore Lucile Dupin) 361
  • Domingo Faustino Sarmiento 366
  • Victor Segalen 370
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley 374
  • Selective Bibliography 377
  • Georges Simenon 378
  • Madame De StaËl (Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker) 383
  • Stendhal (Marie-Henri Beyle) 387
  • Selective Bibliography 390
  • Robert Louis Stevenson 391
  • Selective Bibliography 394
  • Cornelius Tacitus 396
  • Rabindranath Tagore 400
  • Terence (Publius Terentius Afer) 404
  • Selective Bibliography 407
  • Alexis De Tocqueville 408
  • Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy 412
  • Cristina Trivulzio Barbiano Di Belgioioso 417
  • Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev 421
  • Selective Bibliography 424
  • Giambattista Vico 426
  • Geoffroy De Villehardouin 430
  • Selective Bibliography 433
  • Voltaire (FranÇois-Marie Arouet) 434
  • Edith Wharton 438
  • Oscar Wilde 442
  • Selective Bibliography 445
  • Mary Wollstonecraft (Godwin) 447
  • Xenophon 451
  • Selective Bibliography 455
  • Xu Zhimo 456
  • Select Bibliography 461
  • Index 467
  • About the Editors and Contributors 489
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