(Seven French Chroniclers, 1974, 25-39), but I would be less harsh toward Villehardouin today. Like many scholars, I have tended to read history retrospectively and upbraid Villehardouin for an outcome for which he cannot be held responsible, that is, the ultimate fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453. Eyewitnesses to an event cannot be read in this way. Though their own prejudices are inevitable, one cannot forget that they were living these events in their incremental progression, not in retrospection. What I would retract most willingly in my harsh criticism of Villehardouin in 1974 is my too-easy dismissal of the second half of his chronicle as “tedious.” I now believe that Villehardouin's account of the wars in Romania is the finest part of his chronicle and one of the finest pieces of military reporting in all medieval literature.
Work by Villehardouin
Joinville, Jean de, and Villehardouin. Chronicles of the Crusades. Trans. and intro. M.R.B. Shaw. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1963; rpt, 1984.
Selective Studies of Villehardouin
Archambault, Paul. Seven French Chroniclers: Witnesses to History, 25-39. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1974.
Buchon, J.-A.-C. Recherches et matériaux pour servir à une histoire de la domination française aux XIIIe, XIVe, et XVe siècles dans les provinces démembrées de l'Empire grec à la suite de la Quatrième Croisade. Paris: Auguste Desrez, 1841.
Du Cange, Du Fresne. Histoire de l'empire de Constantinople: Sous les empereurs français jusqu'à la conquête des turcs. 2 vols. Paris: Veridière, 1926.
Choniates, Niketas. O City of Byzantium: Annals of Niketas Choniates. Trans. Harry J. Magoulias . Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1984.
Lurier, Harold E., ed. and trans. Crusaders as Conquerors: The Chronicle of Morea. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.
Pears, Edwin. The Fall of Constantinople. London: Longmans, 1885.
Queller, D.E., and S.J. Stratton. “A Century of Controversy on the Fourth Crusade.” In Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, 235-77. Ed. William M. Bowsky. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1964.
Sainte-Beuve, C.A. “G. de Villehardouin.” Causeries du lundi. Vol. 9. 3rd ed., 381-412. Paris: Garnier, 1857.
Zink, Michel. Littérature française du moyen âge. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1992.
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Book title: Multicultural Writers from Antiquity to 1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook.
Contributors: Alba Amoia - Editor, Bettina L.Knapp - Editor.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 2002.
Page number: 433.
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