The research for this book has been conducted over twenty years in libraries at the following universities: Boston, British Columbia, Claremont Schools, Columbia, California, both Berkeley and Los Angeles, Harvard, Hawaii, Houston, Kansas, Minnesota, Oregon, and Washington; in state libraries: Wisconsin, Tennessee, and Minnesota; in city libraries: New York City, Philadelphia, and Seattle, and private libraries in Philadelphia and San Marino, California. Especially useful were The Library of Congress, the American Newspaper Publishers Association (now the Newspaper Association of America), then located in Reston, Virginia, and California State University, Fullerton (CSUF). CSUF librarians bought microfilm and assisted with interlibrary loans, and the university gave me a semester sabbatical for research.
I owe a special debt to several colleagues. They are the late Mike Emery, Northridge; David Sloan, Alabama, and Jim Startt, Valparaiso, editors of this series; Jerry Baldasty, Washington, whose research in commercial journalism is unsurpassed; Terry Hynes, now dean at the University of Florida, Gainsville; and Tony Fellow, journalism sequence head at CSUF.
I have been fortunate beyond measure to have studied with and been advised by two giants in the journalism history field: Warren C. Price, University of Oregon, and Edwin Emery, Minnesota. Both have since died. My debts to them are incalculable.
Yet, despite this valuable support, the journey would not have started without the encouragement of my wife, Barbara Ann Smythe. We had two children when I quit a job to go to graduate school. The next three years required financial sacrifices, first at Oregon, where our third child was born, then at Minnesota. I then taught twenty-nine years at CSUF, but we spent three of them in Hong Kong and China, and innumerable summers in libraries. Barbara was always supportive. I dedicate this book to her.