While the great bulk of on-site inspection implementation and compliance responsibilities in the United States fall to the Department of Defense (DoD) and its agencies, a number of other Executive Branch bodies also have important political and operational roles. These include the National Security Council, the U.S. Department of State, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (whose functions are to be integrated into the State Department by October 1998), the Departments of Energy and Commerce, the intelligence community, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). In addition to its broader arms control responsibilities, two specialized implementation bodies are located in the State Department to perform specific on-site inspection functions. These are the U.S. Nuclear Risk Reduction Center—the central point for the receipt and transmission of arms control notifications—and the U.S. National Authority, which is responsible for assembling and transmitting the U.S. data vital to functioning of the on-site inspection regime of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).
The National Security Council (NSC), established by the National Security Act of 1947, advises the president on the integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies related to national security. It has three bodies overseeing any policy issues that may arise in connection with on-site inspection activity: a Principals Committee, a Deputies Committee, and Interagency Working Groups (IWGs). The Principals Committee, composed of Cabinet officials and others by invitation, is the highest interagency forum for consideration of national security issues. It typically deals only with issues of the highest national importance,