Stephen G. Salkever, "Women, Soldiers, and Citizens: Plato and
Aristotle on Political Virility," Polity 19, no. 2 ( Winter 1986): 232. Salkever is
critical of this "communitarian" approach to Aristotle, of attempts to find in
his thought support for "fully committed citizenship" (p. 249); see also his Finding the Mean: Theory and Practice in Aristotelian Political Philosophy
( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990), esp. 169-74. In finding in Aristotle's understanding of politics a corrective to contemporary alternatives, Salkever's work parallels my own. His emphasis, however, differs. Rather than
focusing on how citizens and statesmen fulfill their human capacity for rational
activity, Salkever stresses Aristotle's reservations against political life and the
sense in which politics is only one means for developing rationality ( Finding
the Mean, esp. pp. 74-79, 180, and 32). Salkever's emphasis supports his
attempt to build on Aristotle's political theory a defense of liberalism against
its communitarian critics.
William M. Sullivan, Reconstructing Public Philosophy ( Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1984), 181.
Brian Fay, Social Theory and Political Practice ( London: George
Allen and Unwin, 1975), 53-54.
Jean Bethke Elshtain, Public Man, Private Woman ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981), 52-53.
Mary G. Dietz, "Citizenship with a Feminist Face: The Problem with
Maternal Thinking," Political Theory 13, no. 1 ( February 1985): 28 and 34. In
spite of their common reliance on Aristotle, however, Dietz is critical of Elshtain's attempt to introduce maternal thinking into politics.
Sheldon S. Wolin, Politics and Vision ( Boston: Little, Brown, and
Company, 1960), 57-58.
Hannah Arendt, The Human Condition ( Garden City, New York:
Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1959), 30; J. G.A. Pocock, The Machiavellian
Moment ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975), 550. Pocock finds
support for his view of Aristotle in Arendt's interpretation.