This glossary includes those Ottoman Turkish words that occur more than once in the text. They alone are italicized.
abode of Islam: lands controlled by Islamic governments
abode of the Covenant: lands ruled by non-Islamic governments, but paying tribute to Islamic states
abode of war: lands controlled by non-Islamic governments
alum: metal used as a clarifier or purifier in various trades, especially in the tanning industry; important in early modern Mediterranean commerce
apostasy: repudiation of a faith, usually to embrace another
Ashkenazim: German Jews; that community of Jews whose vernacular and customs reflected centuries of settlement in German lands
askeri: Ottoman ruling elite, administrative, military, and religious
bailo: envoy or ambassador; often specifically referring to a Venetian or Dubrovnikan representative in Istanbul
bertone: sailing ship of a type developed in the early modern period and used especially by Atlantic seaboard states
bey: honorific title; Ottoman military commander
bostancι: member of the imperial guards, powerful particularly in the city of Istanbul
cacophony: many dissonant voices or viewpoints
cadastral survey: measurement of land for purposes of taxation and, in the Ottoman case, for division among the Ottoman sipahi (q.v.)
caique: small, oared vessel used to transport people or goods over short distances
caliph: successor to the Prophet Muhammed; often titular ruler over the community of Muslims
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Publication information: Book title: The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe. Contributors: Daniel Goffman - Author. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. Place of publication: Cambridge, England. Publication year: 2002. Page number: 235.
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