Energy, Society & Environment: Technology for a Sustainable Future

By David Elliott | Go to book overview

12

Case study: public reactions to wind farms in the UK
Conflicts between developers and local communities
The role of planning
The need for sensitive consultation and siting

New energy technologies are inevitably unfamiliar and their deployment can lead to public concern - particularly if they are perceived to have negative local impacts. This chapter presents a case study on the often heated debate over the location of wind farms in the UK. It provides an example of the need, when seeking to introduce new projects, to be sensitive to local concerns and at the same time to try to balance local environmental costs against global environmental benefits.


Introduction

The UK wind farm programme, which got underway from 1990 onwards, owes its existence primarily to the non-fossil fuel cross-subsidy scheme introduced following the privatisation of the electricity supply industry.

As was noted in Chapter 8, a Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO) was imposed on the newly privatised regional electricity supply companies (RECs), requiring them to buy in set amounts of electricity from nuclear and, to a much lesser extent, renewable suppliers. In addition, a surcharge was imposed on fossil fuel electricity generation in order to meet the extra cost of using non-fossil sources, with this cost being passed on by the RECs to their customers.

Two NFFO orders were set specifically for renewables in 1990 and 1991, with in all 197 projects being offered a 'premium' price, over and above

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Energy, Society & Environment: Technology for a Sustainable Future
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Tables xi
  • Boxes xiii
  • Series Editor's Preface Environment and Society Titles xv
  • Preface xix
  • Acknowledgements xxix
  • Abbreviations xxxi
  • Part 1 - Environmental Problems 1
  • 1 3
  • Further Reading 18
  • 2 19
  • 3 46
  • Part 2 - Sustainable Technology 67
  • 4 69
  • 5 91
  • 6 107
  • 7 129
  • 8 154
  • 9 176
  • Part 3 - Problems of Implementation 191
  • 10 193
  • 11 205
  • 12 219
  • 13 235
  • Further Reading 248
  • Part 4 - Sustainable Society 249
  • 14 251
  • 15 267
  • Further Reading 280
  • 16 281
  • 17 301
  • Appendix I 319
  • Appendix II 321
  • Glossary 323
  • References 325
  • Index 339
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