At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability, and Disasters

By Ben Wisner; Piers Blaikie et al. | Go to book overview

4

FAMINE AND NATURAL HAZARDS

Introduction

Of all disasters, famine is perhaps the most damaging. There have been more references to its occurrence historically than any other type of disaster, and throughout history the state has been involved with famine far more closely than with earthquake, flood, tsunami, storm surges and other types of disaster. 1 Generally the number of people affected has been far greater in famines, and its social and political impact on the affairs of state and rulers has been more profound. Also, behind each case of excess mortality from famine there lies a much wider net of destitution, displacement and impoverishment that may endure for many years after the acute symptoms of famine have subsided.

The worst recorded earthquake disaster caused the deaths of about 240,000 people in 1976 at Tangshan (China), but in the twentieth century alone it is dwarfed by famines that have frequently caused the deaths of more than a million people. For example, 1.5 million perished in the famine of 1974 in Bangladesh, and between 900,000 and 2.4 million in North Korea between 1995 and 1999 (Noland et al. 1999). In the Chinese 'Great Leap Forward' famine of 1958-1961, the death toll is estimated at between 14 and 26 million (Kane 1988), or between 30 and 33 million (Becker 1996), and possibly as high as 40 million (Article 19 1990:18). In some cases, mortality statistics are unreliable, and the cause of death is disputed (e.g. between bubonic plague and starvation in Europe in the 1340s, and between deaths due to fighting or the slaughter of civilians, and the famine associated with war, e.g. Biafra 1968-1970). However, the scale of mortality dwarfs that of all other disasters. No other type of disaster has caused as many deaths as famine (in the order of 70 million deaths in the twentieth century: Devereux 2000), although it is not surprising that estimates vary greatly.

Today, famines still occur, although the affected regions are substantially different to those of the past. Famine is now unlikely in south, east and south-east Asia (the exceptions being North Korea from the mid-1990s up to the time of writing in early 2003, and Cambodia in the 1970s), but are

-127-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability, and Disasters
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations ix
  • Preface to the 2004 Edition xiv
  • Preface to the 1994 Edition xvi
  • Abbreviations and Acronyms xviii
  • Part I - Framework and Theory 1
  • 1 - The Challenge of Disasters and Our Approach 3
  • 2 - The Disaster Pressure and Release Model 49
  • 3 - Access to Resources and Coping in Adversity 87
  • Part II - Vulnerability and Hazard Types 125
  • 4 - Famine and Natural Hazards 127
  • 5 - Biological Hazards 167
  • 6 - Floods 201
  • 7 - Coastal Storms 243
  • 8 - Earthquakes and Volcanoes 274
  • Part III - Towards a Safer Environment 319
  • 9 - Towards a Safer Environment 321
  • Bibliography 377
  • Index 447
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 472

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.