Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Japan

By J. A.A. Stockwin | Go to book overview
Save to active project


Wada Hiroo

Wada Hiroo, born in 1903, was an atypical Socialist of the post-war period. With KATSUMATA SEIICHI, Sata Tadataka and others of left-wing opinions, he had been an official of the Government's Planning Board, until, following the exposure of the Sorge spy ring in 1941, his group was accused of Communist inclinations and its members were imprisoned. After the war he returned to a senior post in the Ministry of Agriculture (see MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES), and then in April 1946 became Minister of Agriculture in the first YOSHIDA administration. When the KATAYAMA coalition Government was formed in June 1947, Wada became Director-General of the Economic Stabilisation Board, and an important pipeline to the bureaucracy for the Socialists in the coalition.

In 1949 he joined the JAPAN SOCIALIST PARTY (JSP), and when it split over the peace settlement in 1951 he joined the Left Socialist Party and became leader of one of its four factions (see FACTIONS WITHIN POLITICAL PARTIES), other members including Katsumata and Sata. This core group derived its solidarity from the Planning Board experience, but the faction recruited members of differing backgrounds, and maintained a wide range of labour union contacts. There was no doubting the left-wing credentials of Wada and his faction, but their reputation was that of policy-oriented intellectuals. For that very reason they aroused some distrust among other left wingers in the party, particularly of the SUZUKI faction, which regarded them as power rivals.

In the 1950s Wada fought hard against the developing security arrangements with the United States, and became Secretary-General of the Left Socialist Party in January 1954. After the party reunited in October 1955, he occupied various positions, and was important in the struggles against the revised Security Treaty in 1958-60 (see SECURITY TREATY REVISION CRISIS). In the early 1960s, as Chairman of the JSP Foreign Policy Bureau, he played a key role in developing the party's advocacy of 'positive neutrality' in world affairs, resisting the tendency to pull it towards a pro-Soviet interpretation. In January 1966 he resigned his party vice-chairmanship because of ill health and died in 1967.

Further reading
Cole et al. (1966)
Stockwin (1968)
Totten (1966)

Watanabe Michio

Watanabe Michio was a right-wing LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY (LDP) politician who took over the NAKASONE faction in the late 1980s, had the earthy populist manner of a faction boss, and aspired in vain to become PRIME MINISTER.

Born in Tochigi in 1923, he worked in a tax office and was a local councillor before entering the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES in 1963 for a Tochigi constituency. He joined the Nakasone faction of the LDP, and from 1973 was a leading member of the Young Storm Association (Seirankai) of right-wing activists, where he showed strong concern for economic issues. He was successively Minister of Health


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Japan


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 291

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?