Subject index

a
activation:
automatic 140 , 203 , 293 , 297 -9;
compensatory 21 -2, 174 ;
in interrelated networks 174 , 278 -9, 294 , 297
active touch (see touch)
acuity in touch 15 , 23 , 24 , 26 -8, 30 -2, 35 , 38 ;
and age 239 , 246 ;
in diabetes 149 ;
with experience and practice 30 -2, 148 -9, 241 , 284 ;
by recent readers 241 ;
and the two-point threshold 30 , 35 , 239
affordances: 18 - 19
(see also information)
age
(see also development, processing speed):
and braille learning 239 -45;
and lateralization 216
alphabetic principle
(see also phonology, spelling):
in English orthography 2 , 100 , 181 , 183 -3
amodal perception 18 - 19
(see also crossmodal, intersensory)
analogy:
in comprehension 222 ;
phonological recoding by 101 , 182
articulatory coding
(see also phonological coding, working memory):
and comprehension 113 -6;
errors in 281 ;
loop 98 -9;
skills 218 -19;
and suppression 113 -34, 285
assembled phonology
(see also letter-by-letter reading): 109 , 114 -15, 135 , 264 ;
and word superiority 109
attention: 102 , 132 , 297 -8;
selectivity 298 ;
to speech sounds in blind children 10 , 216 -19
auditory feedback and deaf babies 217
automaticity
(see also attention):
and experience 22 , 100 -1, 289 -93

b
babbling 216 ;
reduction in blind babies 218
beginning reading
(see also teaching):
as constructive processing 54 ;
and dual tasks 54 , 283 -90;
and hand use 83 -4, 96 ;
and haptic-verbal interrelations 283 -90;
and meaning 129 ;
and phonological coding 115 -16, 133
benders (see vibrotactile stimulation)
body-posture and handmovements 258
(see also movement, spatial organisation)
braille: 2 , 26 -7;
alphabet 37 ;
composition of 35 - 47 ;
distinctive features 54 ;
dot-density detection and holistic (global outline) coding 36 - 47 , 110 -13;
and generalisation 47 ;
perceptual basis 5 , 17 , 26 -7;
processes in acquisition 279 -80, 290 ;
shear patterns in fluent reading 87 -9, 254 -5;
spatial shape organisation of 47 - 55 , 283
brain
(see also cerebral hemispheres, cortex): 27 -8

c
CAPIN (convergent active processing in interrelated networks):
working hypothesis 278 ;
developmental assumptions in 279 -81
cerebral hemispheres
(see also brain, cortex):
association areas 31 - 32 ;
and hand advantage 67 - 73 ;
in language 27 , 216 ;
and plasticity 30 -2;
in spatial coding 27 -8, 32 -5;
and subcortical connections 28 -9
cognitive factors 95 -7;
and braille 139 , 243 -5, 271 -2;
and low-level processing 89 , 97 ;
modulation by 283 ;

-332-

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