Ortega's vision of the Spanish situation was particularly dramatic partly because he compared it with the situations of Germany, Britain and France-he was not to discover North American society until 1949, which filled him with 'hope'. If he had compared Spain with other countries in southern or eastern Europe, he might have understood that modernization was a much more complex phenomenon. In the case of Spain, it was to be achieved on the basis of economic, social, cultural and, finally, political transformation that was late to take place and would be most clearly visible after Ortega's death. This occurred a few years after his return to Spain, when General Franco's dictatorship had become established. Not long after his death this dictatorship undertook strategically important structural changes of an economic nature that led, with notorious political resistance and repression, to the modernization of Spanish society and, after the restoration of democracy, to its complete integration into the Europe that Ortega had once imagined.
In this book: Plato, Kant, Nietzsche
In Fifty Modern Thinkers on Education: Heidegger
Ortega's works in Spanish are to be found in the 11-volume edition of his Obras completas published by Revista de Occidente between 1946 and 1969 (reissued in 12 volumes by Alianza Editorial in 1983).
Meditaciones del Quijote, Madrid, 1914 (Meditations on Quixote, New York, 1961).
El tema de nuestro tiempo, Madrid, 1923 (The Modern Theme, New York, 1933, repr. 1961).
La deshumanización del arte e ideas sobre la novela, Madrid, 1925 (The Dehumanization of Art. Ideas on the Novel, Princeton, NJ, 1948).
¿Qué es filosofía?, Madrid, 1929-30 (What Is Philosophy?, New York, 1960).
La rebelión de las masas, Madrid, 1930 (The Revolt of the Masses, Notre Dame, IN, 1986).
Misión de la Universidad, Madrid, 1930 (Mission of the University, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1991).
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Publication information: Book title: Fifty Major Thinkers on Education: From Confucius to Dewey. Contributors: Joy A. Palmer - Editor, Liora Bresler - Editor, David E. Cooper - Editor. Publisher: Routledge. Place of publication: London. Publication year: 2001. Page number: 247.
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