Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security

By Adam Edwards; Peter Gill | Go to book overview

4

Measuring transnational organised crime

An empirical study of existing data sets on TOC with particular reference to intergovernmental organisations

Bill Burnham1


Introduction

Transnational organised crime (TOC) has moved higher up the agenda of some governments and intergovernmental organisations. This chapter is based on an ongoing project for the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Research Arm of the Department of Justice of the Government of the USA in Washington, DC. It outlines some of the issues involved in measuring TOC statistically, with a case study of one country, and the specific issues raised in respect of the three intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) that may reasonably be expected to play a leading role in the fight against TOC. A more detailed analytical description of the main features of these IGOs as regards statistical data on TOC forms the second part of the chapter.


Statistical data on TOC

Some time ago I attended an expert group meeting funded by NIJ in Washington on the question of whether it is feasible to measure TOC, and how it should be attempted, if at all. The meeting divided, psychologically and epistemologically, into two groups. The first argued that, unless and until some sort of quantitative measure of TOC can be developed, it will not be possible to construct rational strategies and policies to counter it; and, above all, it would not be possible to evaluate the effectiveness of such strategies and policies. The second group argued that it will never be possible to measure TOC accurately enough for orthodox evaluation methods to be used, and that a quite different approach based on, for instance, network analysis, will have to be developed.

The suggestion was made that the first step could be to find out what sets of data already exist in different parts of the offices of governments,

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Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures x
  • Tables xi
  • Acknowledgements xiv
  • Introduction 1
  • References 6
  • Part I - Origins of the Concept 7
  • References 11
  • 1 - Transnational Organised Crime 13
  • 2 - Europe's Response to Transnational Organised Crime 28
  • Notes 39
  • References 40
  • 3 - Global Law Enforcement as a Protection Racket 42
  • Note 55
  • References 56
  • Part II - Measurements and Interpretations 59
  • References 64
  • 4 - Measuring Transnational Organised Crime 65
  • Note 77
  • 5 - Classify, Report and Measure 78
  • References 95
  • 6 - The Network Paradigm Applied to Criminal Organisations 97
  • References 113
  • 7 - Transnational Organised Crime 114
  • Notes 125
  • Part III - Case Studies 127
  • 8 - Bad Boys in the Baltics 131
  • Notes 141
  • 9 - Controlling Drug Trafficking in Central Europe 143
  • Note 154
  • 10 - Recognising Organised Crime's Victims 157
  • Notes 171
  • Part IV - Current and Prospective Responses 175
  • References 181
  • 11 - The Legal Regulation of Transnational Organised Crime 183
  • References 193
  • 12 - Countering the Chameleon Threat of Dirty Money 195
  • Notes 209
  • 13 - Criminal Asset-Stripping 212
  • 14 - Proteiform Criminalities 227
  • Notes 239
  • References 240
  • 15 - Organised Crime and the Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity Framework 241
  • References 262
  • 16 - After Transnational Organised Crime? 264
  • Note 279
  • Index 282
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