Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security

By Adam Edwards; Peter Gill | Go to book overview

9

Controlling drug trafficking in Central Europe

The impact of EU policies in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Lithuania

Barbara Bogusz and Mike King


Introduction

The main focus of this chapter is on the European Union's approach towards combating illicit drug trafficking, and how this affects Central European Countries (CECs) in their preparations for accession into the EU. To this end we draw from the findings of a research project funded by the European Commission as part of the INCO-Copernicus programme. 1 This examined the impact of EU illicit drug trafficking control policies in three Central European countries, namely the Czech Republic, Hungary and Lithuania. We begin with an overview of the wider context of apparent EU concerns, drawing attention to recent EU developments in drug trafficking control strategies. We then critically consider some of the inconsistencies, realities and impacts in the case-study countries. The chapter concludes by asserting that, whilst there is demonstrably political will in all three countries to conform (even to some extent in excess) to EU direction given the promise of accession, there is largely a mismatch between this and feasible practical implementation.


The regulation of prospective enlargement

In the immediate post-Cold War period, the prospect of CEC accession into the European Economic Community was inconceivable. Not only were they fledging democracies but economically they were considerably weaker than the poorest member state in the EU (Dinan, 1999:185). However, in 1993, the Copenhagen Council devised a strategy whereby countries seeking membership of the European Union would have to fulfil certain criteria covering areas that are seen as being compatible with a 'liberal-democratic' state and functioning market economy. Further, they would be required to have the necessary capability to adhere and incorporate the Community acquis communautaire (body of established legal measures) (European Commission, 2000a). These are universal criteria, not only applicable to CEC candidate states, but all countries

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Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures x
  • Tables xi
  • Acknowledgements xiv
  • Introduction 1
  • References 6
  • Part I - Origins of the Concept 7
  • References 11
  • 1 - Transnational Organised Crime 13
  • 2 - Europe's Response to Transnational Organised Crime 28
  • Notes 39
  • References 40
  • 3 - Global Law Enforcement as a Protection Racket 42
  • Note 55
  • References 56
  • Part II - Measurements and Interpretations 59
  • References 64
  • 4 - Measuring Transnational Organised Crime 65
  • Note 77
  • 5 - Classify, Report and Measure 78
  • References 95
  • 6 - The Network Paradigm Applied to Criminal Organisations 97
  • References 113
  • 7 - Transnational Organised Crime 114
  • Notes 125
  • Part III - Case Studies 127
  • 8 - Bad Boys in the Baltics 131
  • Notes 141
  • 9 - Controlling Drug Trafficking in Central Europe 143
  • Note 154
  • 10 - Recognising Organised Crime's Victims 157
  • Notes 171
  • Part IV - Current and Prospective Responses 175
  • References 181
  • 11 - The Legal Regulation of Transnational Organised Crime 183
  • References 193
  • 12 - Countering the Chameleon Threat of Dirty Money 195
  • Notes 209
  • 13 - Criminal Asset-Stripping 212
  • 14 - Proteiform Criminalities 227
  • Notes 239
  • References 240
  • 15 - Organised Crime and the Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity Framework 241
  • References 262
  • 16 - After Transnational Organised Crime? 264
  • Note 279
  • Index 282
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