Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security

By Adam Edwards; Peter Gill | Go to book overview
Save to active project


After transnational organised crime?

The politics of public safety

Adam Edwards and Peter Gill

Dates provide an alluring framework for historical and political analysis; for example, we routinely compare the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as though the numbers 1800 and 1900 can actually do any more for explanation than provide convenient bookends. So, here, it is tempting to identify the decade 1991-2001 as, in international political terms, the decade of transnational organised crime. Even more precisely, the bookends might be formed, at one end, by the failure of the conservative coup in Russia in August 1991 or the decision of several republics to form the Commonwealth of Independent States in December and, more clearly at the other, September 11, 2001, when hijacked planes were flown into the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, DC.

The events, debates and policies of the period 1991-2001 do provide much of the substance of the chapters in this book; indeed, as explained in the Introduction, they provided the impetus for setting up the seminars in the first place. But dates are just bookends and it is important to acknowledge the longer gestation of these issues. For example, Ethan Nadelmann (1993) traced what he called the 'internationalization' of American law enforcement from the late eighteenth century onwards, a process that accelerated from the early 1970s particularly with respect to drugs. Similarly, in Europe, the earliest moves to achieve some form of multi-lateral co-operation on criminal matters regarding drugs trafficking came in 1972 with the formation of the Pompidou Group consisting of the then-EC states plus others and STAR (translated as 'Permanent Working Group on Drugs') which involved some EC countries plus the USA (specifically the Drugs Enforcement Agency). Until the 1980s, European policy initiatives remained relatively discrete - drugs from 1972, 'terrorism' in Trevi from 1976 onwards - but then issues began to be conflated into what Bigo (1994) identified as the 'security continuum' taking in terrorism, drugs, illegal migrants and asylum seekers. In 1989, EC Interior Ministers drew up the PALMA document with recommendations for action on all these security issues and, in 1992, the move to formalise the intergovernmental TREVI forum was completed in the Maastricht Treaty establishing the 'third pillar' for justice and home affairs and the decision


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 290

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?