Regional Conference on Landmines
26–28 March 1998
Hosted by the government of Hungary in cooperation with the ICRC and
the International Campaign to Ban Landmines
The Budapest Conference provided an opportunity for States from central and eastern Europe to come together to discuss the mines problem in the region and beyond. Although most of the countries of central Europe had signed the Ottawa treaty, adherence in eastern Europe was limited, and there were hopes that a number of States could be encouraged to look again at the military need for anti-personnel mines.
Accordingly, under the umbrella of the regional conference, the ICRC convened a seminar for defence and foreign affairs officials from the region, on the military utility and humanitarian costs of anti-personnel mines. Participants were asked to consider the actual effectiveness of landmines in combat compared with their long-term effects and to discuss alternatives to anti-personnel mines, for example through an evolution in military doctrine. A strong final declaration was adopted by the seminar, although participants from Belarus and the Russian Federation were unable fully to support it.
ICRC seminar on the humanitarian impact and military utility of
27–28 March 1998
(Participants from ministries of foreign affairs and defence of Albania, Belarus*, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, FYR of Macedonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation*, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine)