Sport and the Color Line: Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth-Century America

By Patrick B. Miller; David K. Wiggins | Go to book overview

1

SPORT AND BLACK PITTSBURGH, 1900-1930

Rob Ruck

ONE CAN STILL FEEL a sense of neighborhood in Pittsburgh, of its ethnic pockets and groupings. Pierogies and kielbasas lend their fragrance to the Southside, and Italian remains the native tongue for many in Bloomfield and East Liberty. The Northside retains a faint Germanic ambience, and on Polish Hill a plaque marks the 1969 visit of Karol Wojtyla, now Pope John Paul II. Pittsburgh's rivers, ravines, bluffs, and hollows divide the city into dozens of smaller communities, just as they have for almost two centuries.

These formidable natural barriers were reinforced by the historic clustering of the different ethnic and racial groups that migrated to Pittsburgh in the course of the city's rise as the nation's iron and steel workshop. By the turn of the century they made Pittsburgh and its satellite mill towns into a multiethnic metropolis of over half a million people, many of whom labored to produce 40 percent of the country's steel.

Each ethnic group that came to Pittsburgh tended to settle in a particular neighborhood where nationality dictated which church one attended and where one drank. But ethnicity was not an absolute factor: one did not need an ethnic passport to move to the Hill, which loomed over the city's downtown, or to reside in Braddock, Homestead, or any of the other mill towns along the banks of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers. These neighborhoods may have become ghettos, but they were multiethnic ones. Polish, Italian, Yiddish, and Croatian were spoken on the street and in the stores, intermingled with English and the dialect of migrants from the Black Belt.

It was in this multiethnic, industrial city that a black community began to form in the nineteenth century. Unlike the city's white immigrant neighborhoods, where the residential and occupational gains of the first generation were bequeathed to the second, black Pittsburghers found it hard to lay the foundation for community growth. White ethnic neighborhoods became increasingly stable and cohesive during the twentieth century as a result of a strong infrastructure of churches and neighborhood associations, residential persistence, and greater workplace security. Moreover, by the 1930s the steady stream of European immigrants had slowed to a trickle. The sons and daughters of the earlier migrants built on the efforts of their parents, especially at work and in becoming homeowners in tightly knit ethnic enclaves. Blacks were not so fortunate. 1

-3-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Sport and the Color Line: Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth-Century America
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 382

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.