Neighbors, Not Friends: Iraq and Iran after the Gulf Wars

By Dilip Hiro | Go to book overview

NOTES

PREFACE
1
BP Amoco plc, BP Amoco Statistical Review of World Energy 2000, London, 2000 p. 4.
2
A Saddam joke doing the rounds in Baghdad in August 2000 summed up the situation aptly. At a cabinet meeting he turned to his neighbor and asked, "What time is it?" The minister replied, "Whatever time you want it to be, Mr Leader-President."

INTRODUCTION
1
Twelver Shias believe in twelve Imams, religious leaders: Ali, Hassan, Hussein, Zain al Abidin, Muhammad al Baqir, Jaafar al Sadiq, Musa al Kazem, Ali al Rida/Reza, Muhammad al Taqi Javad, Ali al Naqi, Hassan al Aksari and Muhammad al Qasim. See further, Dilip Hiro, Dictionary of the Middle East, Macmillan Press, Basingstoke; and St Martin's Press, New York, 1996, p. 327.
2
Jasim M. Abdulghani, Iranand Iraq: The Years of Crisis, Croom Helm, London, 1984, p.3.
3
Cited in Shahram Chubin and Sepehr Zabih, The Foreign Relations of Iran: A Developing State in a Zone of Great Power Conflict, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 1974, p. 183.
4
Edmund Ghareeb, The Kurdish Question in Iraq, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY, 1981, p. 133.
5
New Middle East, July 1970, p. 25.
6
Cited in Dilip Hiro, Inside the Middle East, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, and McGraw Hill, New York, 1982, p. 281.
7
Martin Short and Anthony McDermott, The Kurds, Minority Rights Group, London, 1977, p. 19.
8
Tariq Y. Ismail, Iraq and Iran: Roots of Conflict, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY, 1982, p. 66.
9
See further Dilip Hiro, Dictionary of the Middle East, p. 10.
10
Committee Against Repression and For Democratic Rights in Iraq, Saddam's Iraq: Revolution or Reaction?, Zed Press, London, 1986, p. 66.
11
Dilip Hiro, The Longest War: The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict, Grafton Books, London, 1989, and Routledge, New York, 1991, p. 24.
12
Robert Graham, Iran: The Illusion of Power, Croom Helm, London, 1978, p. 243, note 43.
13
Guardian, February 28, 1979.
14
Dilip Hiro, The Longest War, pp. 28-9.
15
Ibid., pp. 34-5.
16
Foreign Information Broadcast Service, April 18, 1980; Washington Post, April 18, 1980.
17
Dilip Hiro, Iran Under the Ayatollahs, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London and New York, 1985; and to Excel Press, Lincoln, NE, 2000, pp. 154-6.
18
Sharam Chubin, "Reflections on the Gulf War," Survival, July-August 1986, p. 308.
19
MERIP Reports, July-September 1981, pp. 3-4. According to a well-informed source, on the eve of the war the Iraqi president sent a word to the Kuwaiti ruler that General

-341-

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Neighbors, Not Friends: Iraq and Iran after the Gulf Wars
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page vii
  • Contents ix
  • Plates xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Glossary of Arabic, Kurdish and Persian Words xvi
  • Preface xxxi
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I - Iraq 43
  • 1 - Saddam Center-Stage, Exit Bush 45
  • 2 - Enter Clinton, Saddam's New Nemesis 69
  • 3 - A Shattering Betrayal, Then Lucky Breaks for Saddam 90
  • 4 - The Mother of All Failed Coups 102
  • 5 - Saddam and Re-Elected Clinton 120
  • 6 - "Desert Thunder" That Didn't Thunder 135
  • 7 - Operation "Desert Fox" 154
  • 8 - Iraq, a Return to Normalcy 179
  • Part II - Iran 193
  • 9 - Rafsanjani's Reconstruction and Economic Liberalization 195
  • 10 - Khatami, a Moderate with a Mission 225
  • 11 - Political Reform and Reaction 241
  • 12 - Reform Restrained 265
  • Conclusions and Future Prospects 281
  • Epilog 301
  • Appendix I 311
  • Appendix II 313
  • Appendix III 315
  • Appendix IV 324
  • Appendix V 326
  • Appendix VI 331
  • Notes 341
  • Select Bibliography 365
  • News Agencies, Newspapers and Periodicals 367
  • Index 369
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