Planning for Crime Prevention: A Transatlantic Perspective

By Richard H. Schneider; Ted Kitchen | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER 6

CASE STUDIES IN NORTH AMERICA

INTRODUCTION

In this chapter we focus on several examples of existing applications and case studies that relate to general land use classifications found in most American planning and zoning codes and that illustrate specific CPTED, defensible space, situational crime prevention or environmental crime prevention principles. We employ cases whose focus is very narrow in scope (micro) as well as those which are broad (macro). These cases are documented in the literature or based upon our own field observations.


DIVERSITY OF THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE

As noted previously, the US federal system encourages the splintering of public policy as it moves through various layers and levels of government throughout the nation. This is an important reason why there is little consistency in approach or application of place-based crime prevention measures from one community to the next. Some applications involve the adoption of ordinances that implement CPTED techniques, whereas others are grounded not in law but in practice as carried out by owners or designers on their own initiative. Tempe, Arizona and Sarasota, Florida have chosen broad brush applications, incorporating defensible space principles and CPTED into fundamental planning and zoning ordinances and site review procedures, whereas other communities selectively embed CPTED in narrowly focused law, such as Gainesville, Florida's convenience store ordinance. In still other places, CPTED, defensible space and situational crime prevention techniques have often been 'unconsciously' inserted - much as Newman's defensible space principles have found their way into public housing design - in a range of planning, zoning and land development ordinances and professional practice. For instance, surveillance and access control concepts derived from defensible space are woven into countless Automatic Teller Machines ('ATMs' in the US and 'cash points' in Britain) siting ordinances in jurisdictions across the nation, whereas many of these communities have no other CPTED provisions in their codes. As the 1998 US Conference of Mayors' survey attests, place-based crime prevention approaches tend to be recent additions sprinkled throughout land development

-155-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Planning for Crime Prevention: A Transatlantic Perspective
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 331

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?