The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview

Analysis could also be beneficially applied to the position of refugees and asylum seekers and to considering international policy arrangements for the management of global population movements. Economists have in the past led the way on international integration in relation to trade and capital flows. For instance, consider the role of Australian-derived notions such as 'effective protection' in intellectually underpinning international trade liberalisation. Or consider Australia's prominent role in international multilateralism ranging from the formation of the United Nations through to the Cairns Group and the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation initiative. There is also a role awaiting leadership in population flows. In many ways the Australian migration experience is a commendable achievement and an excellent platform for the assertion of a leadership role. Greater attention to integration of local scholarship in immigration economics into world learning would be a helpful additional step.There is a rich intellectual heritage as well as distinctive future research opportunities that could well be better projected beyond Australia itself.


Notes
1
This survey looks at post-World War II Australian research. A succinct review of previous discussion is given in Pope (1999).
2
This survey extends an earlier review by the author (Withers 2001). Other general surveys of Australian immigration economics are to be found in Wooden et al. (1994) and Castles et al. (1998).
3
For reasonable variations in migration-program composition, little difference in short-term macroeconomic outcomes is observed (Foster 1994; Cobb-Clark 2000). But longer-term effects – for example, on per capita income – can be more marked (Econtech 2001).
4
Recent surveys of the macroeconomic material are to be found in Foster and Withers (1992), Sloan and Villaincourt (1994), Foster (1996), and Junankar, Pope and Withers (1998). Much of the stimulus for analysis in these areas for the later decades of the twentieth century was Norman and Meikle (1985).
5
The same effect will also apply for human capital if a migration program is biased to younger entrants.
6
A different and abstract literature has addressed issues of optimal population and welfare (Pitchford 1987; Clarke and Ng 1990).
7
The effects of changes in selection policy since the mid-1990s are examined by Richardson, Robertson and Isley (2001) and Cobb-Clark (2001).
8
The capacity of the system to calibrate for sectoral/occupational shortages/surpluses has been reviewed by Baker, Sloan and Robertson (1994). Despite cautions by economists on such finetuning, political and bureaucratic imperatives seem to compel periodic inclusion of such criteria in selection.
9
A much earlier study of displaced persons is Appleyard (1955).

References

Access Economics. 1998. Evaluation of the Contribution of Business Skills Migrants to Australia. Canberra: Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs.

Access Economics. 2002. 'The economics of migration' in Migration: Benefiting Australia, Conference Proceedings, Sydney 7–8 May. Canberra: Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs.

-87-

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The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Contributors x
  • Preface and Acknowledgements xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • References 13
  • Part 1 - Economics 15
  • Chapter 1 - Privatisation 17
  • References 27
  • Chapter 2 - Competition Policy and Regulation 31
  • References 40
  • Chapter 3 - Economics and the Environment 45
  • References 57
  • Chapter 4 - Health Economics 60
  • References 70
  • Chapter 5 - Immigration 74
  • References 87
  • Chapter 6 - Labour Market and Industrial Relations 94
  • References 113
  • Chapter 7 - Income Distribution and Redistribution 118
  • References 134
  • Chapter 8 - Taxation 138
  • References 148
  • Chapter 9 - Innovation 153
  • References 165
  • Chapter 10 - International Trade and Industry Policies 168
  • References 180
  • Chapter 11 - The Macro Economy 186
  • Notes 199
  • References 200
  • Chapter 12 - Money and Banking 203
  • References 216
  • Part 2 - Political Science 221
  • Chapter 13 - Political Theory 223
  • References 231
  • Chapter 14 - Federalism and the Constitution 234
  • References 246
  • Chapter 15 - Legislative Institutions 249
  • References 260
  • Chapter 16 - Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour 266
  • References 283
  • Chapter 17 - Electoral Systems 287
  • References 302
  • Chapter 18 - Gender Politics 305
  • References 319
  • Chapter 19 - Interest Groups and Social Movements 323
  • References 339
  • Chapter 20 - Environmental Policy and Politics 345
  • References 355
  • Chapter 21 - International Relations 358
  • Notes 368
  • References 369
  • Chapter 22 - Political Economy 374
  • References 391
  • Chapter 23 - Public Policy and Public Administration 406
  • References 422
  • Part 3 - Sociology 431
  • Chapter 24 - Patterns of Social Inequality 433
  • References 457
  • Chapter 25 - Families and Households 462
  • References 477
  • Chapter 26 - Gender Perspectives 480
  • References 493
  • Chapter 27 - Work and Employment 499
  • Notes 511
  • References 512
  • Chapter 28 - Crime and Deviance 518
  • References 531
  • Chapter 29 - Health and Illness 536
  • References 552
  • Chapter 30 - Population 554
  • References 569
  • Chapter 31 - Race, Ethnicity and Immigration 573
  • Notes 585
  • References 586
  • Chapter 32 - Urban and Regional Sociology 590
  • Reference 598
  • Chapter 33 - Rural Sociology 604
  • Reference 619
  • Chapter 34 - Religion and Spirituality 626
  • Reference 632
  • Chapter 35 - Cultural Studies, Australian Studies and Cultural Sociology 638
  • References 651
  • Chapter 36 - Sociological Theory 654
  • References 664
  • Chapter 37 - Social Policy and Social Welfare 666
  • References 674
  • Author Index 678
  • Subject Index 696
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