The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

findings on labour-market programs seem broadly consistent with international evidence: some evidence suggests that job-search programs can have positive effects on labour-market outcomes, but it appears that work-experience and training programs generally have little impact (Webster 1998).There is increasing evidence of significant effects on labour supply from the structure and level of welfare payments.This finding is supported by studies of past policy changes such as the reform of the sole parent pension in the late 1980s (Doiron 2002), and by behavioural microsimulation analysis of the effects of policy changes based on structural modelling of labour supply (Duncan and Harris 2002).


Neighbourhood effects

How labour-market outcomes differ between local communities, and the possible consequences, has been a subject of significant recent research activity. One group of studies has documented an increasing divergence in employment/population rates and incomes between census collector districts from the mid-1970s onwards (Hunter 1995; Gregory and Hunter 1995). Other research has found evidence that labour-market outcomes of individuals are related to neighbourhood-level outcomes through the occupational profile of workers in the neighbourhood, and the effect of neighbourhood-level employment rates on job-search methods (Heath 2000; Borland 1995).


Work and family

Increases in labour-force participation of females, particularly those with children, have signalled the decline of the male-breadwinner model of the Australian labour market and have meant that there is growing interest in the interaction between paid work and family issues. Issues such as the role of childcare as a means of achieving equity of opportunity to participate in the paid workforce, the effects of dual participation in the paid workforce by members of a couple on the distribution of household tasks and activities, and the nexus between participation in the paid workforce and the 'make-or-buy' decision on household services (such as cleaning) are emerging as questions of research interest (Apps and Rees 2001; Cass 2002;Wooden 2002;Venn 2002).


Note

I am grateful for excellent research assistance from John-Paul Cashen.


References

ABS. 1990. Incidence of Industrial Awards, Determinations and Collective Agreements, Australia. Cat. No. 6315.0. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Apps, P., and R. Rees. 2001. Household production, full consumption and the costs of children. Labour Economics 8:621–48.

Beggs, J., and B. Chapman. 1988. Immigrant wage adjustment in Australia: Cross-section and time-series estimates. Economic Record 64:161–7.

-113-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 705

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?