The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview

The issue of a republican head of state for Australia has had only a tangential effect on study of legislatures, although the nature of republicanism and its relationship to representative institutions is an issue that has been examined by Uhr (1993, 1998) among others. This will not be the case if parliaments, state and federal, are involved in some new procedure for the selection and removal of a republican head of state, or if the debate over the republic leads to a redesign and reallocation of powers between the head of government and the head of state.

Two conclusions might be drawn from this review of social-science literature on legislative institutions in Australia. The first is that there has been relatively little direct study of the operation of parliaments and their members. Some of the most sophisticated research has dealt with parliamentary activities indirectly through surveys of candidates and members at election time and, welcome as these studies have been, they tell us little about legislative behaviour and the political life of parliamentarians on a day-to-day basis. The second conclusion is that the Commonwealth parliament is probably not typical of parliaments in Australia. The geographical isolation and jurisdictional limitations of the central government mean that partisan and factional concerns are dominant, a continuing theme in studies of the national legislature. This is not as likely to be true of state and territory parliaments, where the practical demands of constituents reflect the dominant role that state governments play in the delivery of the wide range of services expected by citizens. Unfortunately, state and territory legislatures and their parliamentary party systems are the least well-studied. This, as with other aspects of the social sciences in Australia, reflects the small community of political scientists and the vagaries of research priorities. But the good news is that there is plenty to study. It is hard to think of a topic involving legislative institutions in Australia that is not wide open for future research.


Bean, C. 1990. The personal vote in Australian federal elections. Political Studies 38:253–68.

Bean, C., and M.P. Wattenberg. 1998. Attitudes towards divided government and ticket-splitting in Australia and the United States. Australian Journal of Political Science 33:25–36.

Blount, S. 1998. Postmaterialism and the vote for the Senate in Australia. Australian Journal of Political Science 33:441–50.

Bowler, S., and D. Denemark. 1993. Split ticket voting in Australia: Dealignment and inconsistent votes reconsidered. Australian Journal of Political Science 28:19–37.

Bowler, S., D.M. Farrell and I. McAllister. 1996. Constituency campaigning in parliamentary systems with preferential voting: Is there a paradox? Electoral Studies 15:461–76.

Boyce, P. 1991. 'The governor and parliament' in The House on the Hill:A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1932–1990. Edited by D. Black, pp. 265–86. Perth: Parliament of Western Australia.

Brennan, G., and A. Hamlin. 1992. Bicameralism and majoritarian equilibrium. Public Choice 74:169–79.

Brennan, G., and A. Hamlin. 1993. Rationalising parliamentary systems. Australian Journal of Political Science 28:443–57.

Broughton, S., and S. Palmieri. 1999. Gendered contributions to parliamentary debate:The case of euthanasia. Australian Journal of Political Science 34:29–45.


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The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Contributors x
  • Preface and Acknowledgements xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • References 13
  • Part 1 - Economics 15
  • Chapter 1 - Privatisation 17
  • References 27
  • Chapter 2 - Competition Policy and Regulation 31
  • References 40
  • Chapter 3 - Economics and the Environment 45
  • References 57
  • Chapter 4 - Health Economics 60
  • References 70
  • Chapter 5 - Immigration 74
  • References 87
  • Chapter 6 - Labour Market and Industrial Relations 94
  • References 113
  • Chapter 7 - Income Distribution and Redistribution 118
  • References 134
  • Chapter 8 - Taxation 138
  • References 148
  • Chapter 9 - Innovation 153
  • References 165
  • Chapter 10 - International Trade and Industry Policies 168
  • References 180
  • Chapter 11 - The Macro Economy 186
  • Notes 199
  • References 200
  • Chapter 12 - Money and Banking 203
  • References 216
  • Part 2 - Political Science 221
  • Chapter 13 - Political Theory 223
  • References 231
  • Chapter 14 - Federalism and the Constitution 234
  • References 246
  • Chapter 15 - Legislative Institutions 249
  • References 260
  • Chapter 16 - Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour 266
  • References 283
  • Chapter 17 - Electoral Systems 287
  • References 302
  • Chapter 18 - Gender Politics 305
  • References 319
  • Chapter 19 - Interest Groups and Social Movements 323
  • References 339
  • Chapter 20 - Environmental Policy and Politics 345
  • References 355
  • Chapter 21 - International Relations 358
  • Notes 368
  • References 369
  • Chapter 22 - Political Economy 374
  • References 391
  • Chapter 23 - Public Policy and Public Administration 406
  • References 422
  • Part 3 - Sociology 431
  • Chapter 24 - Patterns of Social Inequality 433
  • References 457
  • Chapter 25 - Families and Households 462
  • References 477
  • Chapter 26 - Gender Perspectives 480
  • References 493
  • Chapter 27 - Work and Employment 499
  • Notes 511
  • References 512
  • Chapter 28 - Crime and Deviance 518
  • References 531
  • Chapter 29 - Health and Illness 536
  • References 552
  • Chapter 30 - Population 554
  • References 569
  • Chapter 31 - Race, Ethnicity and Immigration 573
  • Notes 585
  • References 586
  • Chapter 32 - Urban and Regional Sociology 590
  • Reference 598
  • Chapter 33 - Rural Sociology 604
  • Reference 619
  • Chapter 34 - Religion and Spirituality 626
  • Reference 632
  • Chapter 35 - Cultural Studies, Australian Studies and Cultural Sociology 638
  • References 651
  • Chapter 36 - Sociological Theory 654
  • References 664
  • Chapter 37 - Social Policy and Social Welfare 666
  • References 674
  • Author Index 678
  • Subject Index 696


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