Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross

By Christoph T. Maier | Go to book overview

2
CRUSADE SERMONS AND CRUSADE
MODEL SERMONS

IN THE PREFACE to the second edition of his sermons, Eudes of Châteauroux wrote the following:

I, Eudes, [cardinal] bishop of Tusculum, having before my mind's eyes this [passage] of Ecclesiastes: In the morning, sow your seed, and in the evening your hand shall not rest, refuse to disgrace the evening of my old age by idleness and wish to offer to the Lord an evening sacrifice, which consists of a fattened lamb; after the [earlier] sermons which I composed not by my own means but by a gift of God, from whom all wisdom, understanding and knowledge [come], I composed some more sermons and had them written down; those who are not so well trained in sacred writings may consult these, as may those who, because they are prevented by other business or pressed by time, cannot find free time to think about and arrange that which they have to preach to others.1

Eudes worked on the revised edition of his sermons while staying with the papal court in Italy in the late 1260s.2 He was then probably already into his seventies and anxious to pass on his rich experience as a preacher to other clerics. From what Eudes tells us, his motive for recording his

____________________
1
The preface is transcribed from MS Pisa, Biblioteca Cateriniana del Seminario, 21, ff. 2va: 'Ego Odo episcopus Tusculanus habens pre oculis mentis mee illud Ecclesiastes [xi, 6]: Mane semina semen tuum et vespere non cesset manus tua, renuens fedare otio mee vesperam senectutis et desiderans offerre Domino sacrificium vespertinum [Ps. cxl, 2] quod de agno pinguiori fiebat, post sermones quos non ex meo ingenio composueram sed ex dono Dei, a quo omnis sapientia et intellectus atque prudentia, iam in senio constitutus quosdam alios sermones composui et scribi feci, ad quos haberent recursum minus exercitati in sacris voluminibus et etiam qui, negociis prepediti vel tempore artati, vacare non possunt ad excogitandum et ordinandum ea que habent aliis predicare.' Also in Iozzelli, Odo da Châteauroux, 173 and Charansonnet, 'L'évolution', 141.
2
For the chronology of the manuscripts and the three different editions of Eudes's sermons see Charansonnet, 'L'évolution', 107–22.

-17-

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Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Abbreviations viii
  • Part I 1
  • 1 - The Authors, the Sermons and Their Context 3
  • 2 - Crusade Sermons and Crusade Model Sermons 17
  • 3 - The Texts and Their Structure 32
  • 4 - Portraying the Crusade 51
  • Part II 69
  • 5 - Notes on the Transcription and Translation 71
  • 6 - The Manuscripts 74
  • 7 - The Sermons 81
  • James of Vitry - Sermo I 82
  • James of Vitry - Sermon I 83
  • James of Vitry - Sermo II 100
  • James of Vitry - Sermon II 101
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo I 128
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon I 129
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo II 144
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon II 145
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo III 152
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon III 153
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo IV 160
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon IV 161
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo V 166
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon V 167
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo I 176
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon I 177
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo II 192
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon II 193
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo III 198
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon III 199
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo I 210
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon I 211
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo II 216
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon II 217
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo III 222
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon III 223
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo IV 228
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon IV 229
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo I 230
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon I 231
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo II 236
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon II 237
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo III 242
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon III 243
  • Appendix: the Relationship Between the Crusade Model Sermons of Gilbert of Tournai and James of Vitry 250
  • Bibliography 264
  • Index of Biblical Citations 272
  • General Index 278
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