Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross

By Christoph T. Maier | Go to book overview

APPENDIX: THE RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN THE CRUSADE MODEL
SERMONS OF GILBERT OF TOURNAI
AND JAMES OF VITRY

THE DEPENDENCE of Gilbert of Tournai's ad status sermon models on those of James of Vitry has been noted before. In his study of Gilbert's Collectio de scandalis ecclesiae, Autbert Stroick for the first time clearly showed that Gilbert must have used James of Vitry's ad status collection for the Collectio as well as for his own ad status models.1 David d'Avray and Martin Tausche described in some detail Gilbert's reliance on James for his marriage sermons.2 Nicole Bériou did the same for the ad leprosos sermons.3 While he sometimes took over entire passages word for word, Gilbert was far from simply copying James's text. There is agreement that Gilbert used James's material very imaginatively. He usually designed his own model sermon with regard to both content and structure. He was fairly selective in choosing passages from James and often re-arranged them in a new order. In contrast to James of Vitry, Gilbert generally used a rigid scheme for ordering his argument. Bériou rightly pointed out that this was probably due to the influence of the mid-thirteenth-century university environment in which Gilbert wrote.4 With their clear structure and systematic use of distinctions, Gilbert's models certainly have a 'scholastic' feel to them.

The judgements pronounced on the resulting sermon texts vary. Studying the marriage sermons, d'Avray and Tausche were cautious

____________________
1
A. Stroick, 'Verfasser und Quellen der Collectio de Scandalis Ecclesiae (Reformschrift des Fr. Gilbert von Tournay, O.F.M., zum II. Konzil von Lyon, 1274)', Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 23 (1930), 3–41, 273–99, 433–66, here pp. 280–92, 445–59. See also E. Longpré in the preface to his edition of Gilbert's Tractatus de Pace, xxiii, n. 1.
2
D'Avray and Tausche, 'Marriage Sermons', 85–117.
3
Bériou and Touati, Voluntate Dei Leprosus, 33–80, esp. 43–8.
4
Bériou and Touati, Voluntate Dei Leprosus, 48.

-250-

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Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Abbreviations viii
  • Part I 1
  • 1 - The Authors, the Sermons and Their Context 3
  • 2 - Crusade Sermons and Crusade Model Sermons 17
  • 3 - The Texts and Their Structure 32
  • 4 - Portraying the Crusade 51
  • Part II 69
  • 5 - Notes on the Transcription and Translation 71
  • 6 - The Manuscripts 74
  • 7 - The Sermons 81
  • James of Vitry - Sermo I 82
  • James of Vitry - Sermon I 83
  • James of Vitry - Sermo II 100
  • James of Vitry - Sermon II 101
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo I 128
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon I 129
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo II 144
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon II 145
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo III 152
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon III 153
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo IV 160
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon IV 161
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo V 166
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon V 167
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo I 176
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon I 177
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo II 192
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon II 193
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo III 198
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon III 199
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo I 210
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon I 211
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo II 216
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon II 217
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo III 222
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon III 223
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo IV 228
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon IV 229
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo I 230
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon I 231
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo II 236
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon II 237
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo III 242
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon III 243
  • Appendix: the Relationship Between the Crusade Model Sermons of Gilbert of Tournai and James of Vitry 250
  • Bibliography 264
  • Index of Biblical Citations 272
  • General Index 278
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