Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

Further reading

e
Eurostat, Demographic Statistics, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities (an annual publication providing data on demographic trends across the European Union).

i
INED, Population et sociétés, Paris: INED (a regular monthly publication providing succinct updates on population issues).
INSEE (1996) Données sociales 1996: la société française, Paris: INSEE (an analytical and statistical account of demographic trends in France, with a focus, in this issue, on the twentieth century).

Demy, Jacques

b. 1931, Pontchâteau;

d. 1990, Paris

Director

Demy was the only major postwar French director of musical films. Most famous of these is Les Parapluies de Cherbourg (1964), with Catherine Deneuve, in which every line of 'dialogue', grand-opera fashion, is sung. Michel Legrand's music was a key element in this and other Demy musicals (Les Demoiselles de Rochefort of 1967). For many, however, his finest work is to be found in the non-musical dramas Lola (1961) and La Baie des anges (1963), starring Anouk Aimée and Jeanne Moreau respectively. His love of the seaport towns of western France, such as Nantes (the setting for Lola) and Cherbourg, makes him a regionalist poet of the cinema. His wife Agnès Varda devoted a documentary farewell to him-Jacquot (also known as Jacquot de Nantes)-in 1991.

KEITH READER

See also: cinema

Deneuve, Catherine

b. 1943, Paris

Actor

She began her career as the rather insipid 'girl next door' in Demy's Les Parapluies de Cherbourg (1964), but was soon to reveal greater dramatic potential as the schizophrenic blonde in peril in Roman Polanski's meta-Hitchcockian Repulsion of the following year. It was in her work for Truffaut (La Sirène du Mississippi in 1969) and Luis Buñuel-Belle de jour of 1967 and Tristana of 1970-that her icy self-possession hinting at intense disturbance beneath the surface was most fully realized. Her 1970s career lacked consistency and featured a number of comedies that were neither commercial nor critical successes, but her dramatic potential came to the fore with the approach of middle age. Opposite Depardieu in Truffaut's Le Dernier Métro of 1980 she showed real poise and command, as the theatre director's wife keeping the show running and her Jewish husband safe in the cellar-a resolution of the conflicts and contradictions of Occupation, which doubtless contributed greatly to her status as national icon. The following year she gave a moving performance (for Téchiné in Hôtel des Amériques) as the woman imprisoned by her love for a man now dead. Téchiné's Ma saison préférée of 1993 gave her one of her most demanding dramatic roles, as a surgeon whose marriage and family relationships are in crisis. The extent to which her once scandalous persona as mother of illegitimate children with Roger Vadim and Marcello Mastroianni has mellowed and become accepted is illustrated by the choice of her to succeed Brigitte Bardot as the model for 'Marianne', the icon of the French Republic, in 1985.

KEITH READER

See also: cinema: stars

-150-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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