Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

See also: green issues; parties and movements


Further reading

c
Cole, A. and Doherty, B. (1995) 'Pas comme les autres-the French Greens at the Cross-Roads', in D. Richardson and C. Rootes (eds) The Green Challenge: The Development of Green Parties in Europe, London: Routledge (studies the greens within the context of the French political system).

s
Sainteny, G. (1992) Les Verts, Paris: PUF (detailed history and development of the Verts).
Szarka, J. (1994) 'Green Politics in France', Parliamentary Affairs 47, 3 (June) (on electoral performance and political positioning of green parties).

Greimas, A.J.

b. 1917, Tula, Lithuania;

d. 1992

Linguist

An influential French semanticist and semiologist who taught at the École Pratique des Hautes Études and worked in the 1960s alongside Barthes, Todorov and Genette on the structure of narratives. Two of his theoretical models exploring deep and surface structures, the semiotic square and the actantial model, have been widely used and applied to a range of subdisciplines within semiotics.

BÉATRICE DAMAMME-GILBERT

See also: linguistic/discourse theory; structuralism


Further reading

r
Rimmon-Kenan, S. (1983) Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics, London and New York: Routledge (has several sections on Greimas's work and a bibliography).

Groult, Benoîte

b. 1920, Paris

Journalist, novelist and essayist

The author of novels co-written with her sister Flora in the 1960s-Diary in Duo (journal a quatre mains); Feminine Plural (Le Féminin pluriel); II était deux fois (Twice Upon a Time)-as well as of single-authored fictions-including 1972's La Part des chases (All Things Considered), and the erotic novel Salt on Our Skin (Les Vaisseaux du coeur), published in 1988-Groult is perhaps best known for two feminist essays. These texts-Ainsi soit-elle (So Be She) and Le Féminisme au masculin (Feminism in the Masculine Mode)-contributed to the rise of feminist awareness in 1970s France. A dedicated campaigner for equal rights, Groult became president of the Commission for the Feminization of Job Designations in 1985.

ALEX HUGHES

See also: erotic writing; feminist thought; women's/lesbian writing

Grumberg, Jean-Claude

b. 1939, Paris

Playwright

Over three decades, Grumberg has been writing plays, such as Zone libre (Free Zone) and Linge sale (Dirty Linen), television scripts and a screenplay in 1988 (Les Années sandwichs). His work displays differing formats and subjects, employing humour to make social observation.

ANNIE STEPHENSON

-280-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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