Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

Further reading

b
Bradby, D. (1991) Modern French Drama 1940-1990 , 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (see the section on collective creation).

Perec, Georges

b. 1936, Paris;

d. 1982, Ivry

Novelist, autobiographer and director

When he died at the age of 46, Perec, of Polish-Jewish parentage, had produced a disconcertingly varied body of work. Since then, partly through posthumous publications, he has come to be regarded as one of the most influential creators of his time. The first of two landmarks in his literary career was the publication, in 1965, of Things: A Chronicle of the Nineteen Sixties (Les Choses: une histoire des années soixante), a sociologically inspired novel about consumerism, written without dialogue but including numerous hidden quotations, including some from Flaubert's Sentimental Education, an earlier ironic study of deluded youth. The second was Life: A User's Manual (La Vie mode d'emploi), an extraordinary creative feat where the entire contents of a Parisian apartment block are conjured up in words and stories, each chapter focusing on the same instant in the lives of the inhabitants of one apartment at a time. Like his mentor, Raymond Queneau, Perec saw that eclectic erudition, combined with a highly speculative stance and a strong sense of form, could produce works which defied all established categories. While fiction and storytelling were always important to him, he identified three other themes as being of equal significance: first, the quest for ways of exploring and recording everyday reality, which inspired Espèces d'espaces (Kinds of Space) and Tentative d'épuisement d'un lieu parisien (Attempt to Exhaust a Parisian Space); second, autobiography and memory, which led to W or the Childhood Memory (W ou le souvenir d'enfance), a work haunted by his mother's destruction in the Nazi holocaust, and Je me souviens (I Remember) a list of 480 'collective' or generational memories; and third, games and formal constraints, which inspired Perec, avid maker of crosswords and co-author of a treatise on the Japanese game of Go, to become a fervent member of OuLiPo, and to write A Void (La Disparition), a full-length novel written without the letter 'e'. Always creative and stimulating, Perec's works, including films such as Un Homme qui dort (A Man Asleep) and Récits d'Ellis Island (Ellis Island Stories-with Robert Bober), generally weave his various interests into new patterns, combining a playful lightness of touch with themes whose seriousness and importance have been increasingly recognized.

MICHAEL SHERINGHAM

See also: autobiography


Further reading

b
Bellos, D. (1993) Georges Perec: A Life in Words, London: Harvill (essential background reading).

Périer, François

b. 1919, Paris

Actor, real name Gabriel Pillu

Périer has played a wide range of roles in Parisian boulevard theatres, at the Théâtre National Populaire and the Comédie-Française, as well as on radio and television. Influenced throughout his career by Sartre, he appeared in the 1948 production of Dirty Hands (Les Mains sale).

ANNIE SPARKS

See also: theatre

-419-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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