b. 1935, Cajarc, Lot
Writer and playwright
A popular novelist, Sagan has also written plays, short stories and volumes of autobiography. Of her numerous fictions, which frequently focus on women's experience of the pleasures and pain of love, two early novels-Bonjour tristesse (1954) and A Certain Smile (Un certain sourire) from 1956-are the best known. The first, written when Sagan was in her teens, won the Prix des Critiques, and established Sagan's international reputation. Sagan's work is usually considered as 'light'; however, her novels offer, arguably, significant insights into feminine psychology.
See also: literary prizes; women's/lesbian writing
Saint Laurent, Yves
b. 1936, Oran, Algeria
Saint Laurent studied fashion design in Paris. In 1953, he was hired by Christian Dior and developed the 'trapeze' silhouette. In 1962, after being drafted by the French army for the French-Algerian conflict, he opened his fashion house. After introducing successively the cowboy and the sailor look, Saint Laurent turned to contemporary art and in 1965 launched his Mondrian dress. In 1966, he opened his first ready-to-wear boutique, Saint Laurent Rive Gauche. He mass-produced his clothes to make them accessible, and developed accessories, a men's line and perfumes.
See also: Algerian war; fashion
Saint-Phalle, Niki de
b. 1930, Paris
Niki de Saint-Phalle first attracted attention with her 'rifle-shot' reliefs incorporating containers of paint which, when shot at by the viewer, would stain the surface-a parody of abstract art informel painting. A member of the Nouveau Réalisme group founded in 1960, she used objets trouvés to create playful reliefs and sculptures. The representation of women was the theme of her series of Brides and Nanas, huge, gaudily painted female figures, which culminated in a monumental, hollow, reclining woman, 28 m long, containing 'rooms' which
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Publication information: Book title: Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture. Contributors: Alex Hughes - Editor, Keith Reader - Editor. Publisher: Routledge. Place of publication: London. Publication year: 1998. Page number: 478.
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