See also: Judaism; racism/anti-semitism
Amouroux, H. (1976-93) La Grande Histoire des Français sous l'Occupation, 10 vols, Paris: Laffont (a great fresco investigating everyday life under the Occupation).
Azéma, J.-P. and Bédarida, F. (eds) (1993) La France des années noires, 2 vols, Paris: Éditions du Seuil (a thorough and illustrated collection of essays summarizing recent research on the 'dark years' of the Occupation).
Burrin, P. (1996) Living with Defeat: France Under German Occupation 1940-1944 (La France à l'heure allemande ), London: Arnold (using the concept of accommodation, this examines how the French coped with the Nazi Occupation).
Hoffmann, S. (1974) Decline and Renewal? France Since the 1930s, New York: Viking Press (contains path-breaking analyses of the composition of the Vichy regime).
Kedward, H.R. (1985) Occupied France, Oxford: Blackwell (the best brief introduction).
Laborie, P. (1990) L'Opinion française sous Vichy, Paris: Éditions du Seuil (study of opinion and how it reacted to policy and events in the context of the unfolding war).
Marrus, M. and Paxton, R.O. (1981) Vichy France and the Jews, New York: Basic Books (classic study of how Vichy's anti-semitic attitudes and policies affected the Jews in France and contributed to the Final Solution).
Paxton, R.O. (1972) Vichy France: Old Guard, New Order 1940-44, New York: Knopf (based on German archives, the classic study on the nature of the Vichy regime).
Péan, P. (1994) Une jeunesse française: François Mitterrand, 1934-1947, Paris: Fayard (revelations on Mitterrand's early political career under Vichy).
Rousso, H. (1990) 'Qu'est-ce que la Révolution nationale?', L'Histoire January (brief summary of the character of Vichy's 'National Revolution').
--(1991) The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France Since 1944 (Le Syndrome de Vichy Paris: Seuil ), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (translation of Rousso's path-breaking book published in French in 1987 on the legacies of Vichy).
Weisberg, R.H. (1996) Vichy France and the Holocaust in France, Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers (a thorough account of the complicity of Vichy's legal system in the Holocaust).
Wieviorka, A. (1992) Déportation et génocide: entre la mémoire et l'oubli, Paris: Plon (detailed synthesis of research on the French contribution to the Final Solution).
Anglo-American pop video represents a very small part of total audiovisual output in France, most notably in evidence on the cable music channels MCM and MTV. However, it forms an important part of the media consumption of many young people. Though listening to anglophone music is scarcely a new phenomenon in France, in 1994 the sensitivity of French elites to perceived Anglo-American domination in the audiovisual field and the alleged weakening of French cultural identity led the conservative government to include a minimum quota of 40 per cent francophone production in music output on radio (la loi Carignon).
See also: rock and pop; television
b. 1912, Sète;
d. 1971, Sète
Director and actor
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture.
Contributors: Alex Hughes - Editor, Keith Reader - Editor.
Place of publication: London.
Publication year: 1998.
Page number: 549.
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