Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview


Aaron, Richard Ithamar

British, b: 6 November 1901, Seven Sisters, Wales. d: 29 March 1987, Aberystwyth. Cat: Commonsense realist. Ints: Epistemology; history of philosophy; metaphysics. Educ: University College, Cardiff, and Oriel College, Oxford. Infls: John Cook Wilson, H.A. Prichard, W D. Ross and A.C. Ewing. Appts: Lecturer in Philosophy, University College of Swansea; Professor of Philosophy, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1932-69; Visiting Professor of Philosophy, Yale University, 1952-3; Fellow of the British Academy, 1955; Editor of Efrydiau Athronyddol, 1938-68.

Main publications:
(1930) The Nature of Knowing, London: Williams & Norgate.
(1932) Hanes Athroniaeth: o Descartes i Hegel [History of Philosophy: From Descartes to Hegel], Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
(1936) (ed. with J. Gibb) An Early Draft of Locke s Essay, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
(1937) John Locke, London: Oxford University Press; third, revised edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.
(1952) The Theory of Universals, Oxford: Clarendon Press; second, revised edition, 1967.
(1971) Knowing and the Function of Reason, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Secondary literature:

There is an incomplete list of Aaron's publications up to 1967 compiled by Sir Ben Bowen Thomas in Efrydiau Athronyddol 32, 1969. There is also a list of publications, manuscripts and typescripts, together with a short biography, tribute and a catalogue of Aaron's library, in The Aaron Philosophy Collection, with an introduction by I.C. Tipton and D. O. Thomas (Dorking: C.C. Kohler, 1987).

Aaron's reputation rests on his contribution to the study of the philosophy of John Locke through his discovery of an early draft of Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding and his classic study of Locke's thought, first published in 1937. Aaron's own philosophical preoccupations centred on the topic of universals, where he defended a theory of naturally recurring common qualities, and on the nature of knowledge, where he argued in favour of a form of probable knowledge which is better than fallible opinion, though falling short of infallible knowledge.

Sources: O.R. Jones (1987) obituary notice, PBA 73.


Abbagnano, Nicola

Italian, b: 15 July 1901, Salerno, Italy. Cat: Existentialist. Appts: Taught since 1936 at Turin.

Main publications:
(1923) Le sorgenti irrazionali del pensiero.
(1925) Il problema del arte.
(1927) Il nuovo idealismo inglese e americano.
(1934) La fisica nuova.
(1936) Il principio della metaflsica.
(1939) La stuttura dell'esistenza.
(1942) Introduzione all'esistenzialismo.
(1947) L'esistenzialismo di Heidegger, Turin: Taylor.
(1947) Filosofia, religione, scienza, Turin: Taylor.
(1948) Esistenzialismo positivo, Turin: Taylor.
(1959) Problemi di sociologia, second edition, Turin: Taylor, 1967.
(1968) Per o contro l'uomo, Milan: Rizzoli.
(1969) Critical Existentialism, New York: Anchor.
(1973) Fra il tutto e il nulla, Milan: Rizzoli.
(1979) Questa pazza filosofia, ovvero l'io prigionero, Milan: Editoriale Nuova.
(1982) Storia della filosofia, third edition.
(1990) Ricordi di un filosofo, Milan: Rizzoli.
(1990) L'esercizio della libertà: scritti scelti 1923-1988, Bologna: Bosi.

Secondary literature:
Bruno, M. (1974) Bibliografia degli scritti di N. Abbagnano, Torino: Giaprichelli.
Langiulli, N. (1992) Possibility, Necessity and Existence: Abbagnano and his predecessors, Philadelphia: Temple.

In Abbagnano's earliest work we find a disposition to existentialist modes of thought in opposition to the idealism of Croce and Gentile. This


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Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • List of Abbreviated Sources xvi
  • List of Schools and Movements xxi
  • A 1
  • Main Publications: 19
  • Main Publications: 22
  • Main Publications: 24
  • Main Publications: 25
  • Main Publications: 29
  • B 41
  • Main Publications: 97
  • C - Cabral, Amilcar Lopes 119
  • Main Publications: 148
  • D 167
  • E 209
  • F 222
  • G 261
  • H 296
  • Main Publications: 323
  • Main Publications: 330
  • I 361
  • Main Publications: 365
  • J 370
  • Main Publications: 385
  • K 387
  • Main Publications: 405
  • Main Publications: 423
  • L 425
  • M 486
  • Main Publications: 491
  • Main Publications: 498
  • Main Publications: 540
  • N 558
  • Main Publications: 577
  • O 583
  • P 593
  • Main Publications: 605
  • Main Publications: 614
  • Main Publications: 626
  • Q 640
  • R 644
  • Main Publications: 657
  • S 690
  • Main Publications: 701
  • Main Publications: 704
  • T 764
  • U 795
  • V 800
  • W 817
  • Main Publications: 827
  • Main Publications: 833
  • Main Publications: 851
  • X 853
  • Y 857
  • Z 861
  • Guide to Schools and Movements 876
  • Bibliography 893
  • Nationality Index 903
  • Category Index 909
  • Index of Interests 918
  • Index of Influences 925
  • Index of People 936
  • Index of Subjects 945


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