Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview

Q

Qadir, C.A.

Pakistani, b: 4 November 1909. Cat: Eclectic; historian of Islamic philosophy. Ints: Science. Infls: Iqbal, M.M. Sharif and E. Rosenthal. Appts: President of the Pakistan Philosophical Congress; Professor of Philosophy, University of Punjab.


Main publications:
(1963) The World of Philosophy,, Lahore: Sharif Presentation Committee.
(1978) The Islamic Philosophy of Life and its Significance, Lahore: Progressive Publishers.
(1981) Falsafa-i-Jideedaur Uskay Dabistan [Modern Philosophy and its Schools], Lahore: West Pakistan Urdu Academy.
(1990) Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World, London: Routledge.

Secondary literature:
Irtau, G. (ed) (1987) Beyond Conventional constructs, Lahore: Pakistan Philosophical Congress.

Qadir combines aspects of logical positivism, conceptual analysis, existentialism and psychoanalysis in his approach to philosophy. Logical positivism, he maintains, is very useful in dealing with science but not helpful in dealing with problems relating to personal existence, where existentialism is more appropriate. Even dialectical materialism has a role to play in explaining the importance of the material modes of production. Philosophy and science are related to religious thought yet have put Islamic traditions under strain. This has led to the necessity to defend and justify Islam within the context of the world of science, a perfectly possible procedure provided that one selects the appropriate philosophical technique. The twentieth century has witnessed a great deal of progress in Islamic science and philosophy, and this can be seen to extend the tradition of Islamic philosophy and science into a new and important future role.

Sources: Qadir 1990.

OLIVER LEAMAN


Qian Mu (Ch'ien Mu)

Chinese, b: 1895, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China. d: 1990, Taiwan. Cat: Historian of Chinese philosophy. Ints: Traditional Chinese thought. Educ: Wuxi Normal School. Infls: Ancient Chinese philosophers and Qing dynasty textual critics. Appts: Professor, Yenching University, Beijing; Professor, University of Beijing; Professor, Qinghua University; Professor, Beijing Normal University; Professor, Southwest Associated University, Changsha and Kunming; Professor, Wuhan University; Professor, Sichuan University; Director, Research Institute on Chinese Culture; Professor, Yunnan University, Kunming; Professor, Jiangnan University; 1951-65, President, New Asia College, Hong Kong; Member, Academia Sinica; Member, Taiwan Central Research Institute.


Main publications:
(n.d.) Analysis of Laozi.
(n.d.) Chinese Confucian Thought, Zhongshan Book Company.
(n.d.) Introduction to the Confucian School of Idealist Philosophy in the Song and Ming Dynasties.
(n.d.) Traditional Government in Imperial China.
(1925) Essentials of the Analects, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1928) General Discussion of Sinology, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1929) Hui Shi and Gongsun Long, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1930) Mozi, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1930) 'Chronological biography of Liu Xin and Liu Xiang', Yenching Journal.
(1934) Wang Shouren, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1935) Chronology of the Pre-Qin Philosophical Schools, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1937) History of Chinese Scholarship in the Last Three Hundred Years, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1940) New Studies ofZhu Xi.
(1940) Outline of Chinese History, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1948) Research on Mengzi, Shanghai: Kaiming Bookstore.

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