Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview

W

Wahl, Jean

French, b: 1888, Marseilles, d: 1974, Paris. Cat: Existentialist; poet. Ints: Phenomenology; dialectics; metaphysics; anti-Hegelianism. Educ: Passed his agrégation in 1910. Infls: Kierkegaard, Hegel, Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel and Nietzsche. Appts: Professor of Philosophy, Sorbonne; created Collège Philosophique; Director of Revue de Méta-physique et de Morale; President of the Société Française de Philosophie.


Main publications:
(1929) Le Malheur de la conscience dans la philosophie de Hegel, Paris: Rieder.
(1948) The Philosopher's Way, New York: Oxford University Press.
(1951) La Pensée de l'existence, Paris: Flammarion.
(1953) Traité de métaphysique, Paris: Payot.
(1959) Les Philosophes de l'existence, Paris: Armand Colin (English translation, Philosophers of Existence: An Introduction to the Basic Thought of Kierkegaard, Jaspers, Marcel, Sartre, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969).
(1962) Tableau de la philosophie française, Paris: Gallimard.
(1964) L'Expérience métaphysique, Paris: Flammarion.

Secondary literature:
Alquié, F. (1954) 'Jean Wahl et le philosophie', Critique, June 1954.
Levinas, E. (1976) 'Jean Wahl sans avoir ni être', in Jean Wahl et Gabriel Marcel, Paris: Beauchesne.
Ricoeur, P. (1976) 'Entre Gabriel Marcel et Jean Wahl', in Jean Wahl et Gabriel Marcel, Paris: Beauchesne.

The importance of Jean Wahl to twentieth-century French philosophy is mainly as a teacher. His lectures at the Sorbonne were influential in disseminating existentialist and Hegelian thought. Wahl's philosophy concentrates on the opposition of Kierkegaard and Hegel and his existentialism is presented in opposition to Hegelian dialectics. This approach came to form the critical aspects of the reception of Hegel by French philosophers in the 1930s and beyond (his lectures on Bergson,Nietzsche,Husserl and Heidegger were collected together and published by the Sorbonne in Cours, Paris: Centre de Documentation Universitaire, 1961). The influence of Wahl's teaching was reinforced by the many important professional positions he held and by his efforts to disseminate philosophy outside academic spheres, notably through the Collège Philosophique.

Sources: Catalogue of Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

JAMES WILLIAMS


Waismann, Friedrich

Austrian, b: 1896, Vienna, d: 1959, Oxford. Cat: Linguistic philosopher. Ints: Philosophy of mathematics; philosophy of science; philosophy of language; philosophical methodology. Educ: University of Vienna. Infls: Ludwig Wittgenstein. Appts: 1937-8, Lecturer, University of Cambridge; 1946-8, Lecturer in the Philosophy of Science and Mathematics, University of Oxford; 1948-50, Senior Lecturer in the Philosophy of Mathematics, University of Oxford; 1950-5, Reader in the Philosophy of Mathematics, University of Oxford; 1955-9, Reader in the Philosophy of Science, University of Oxford.


Main publications:
(1936) Einführung in das mathematisches Denken, Vienna: Springer (English translation, Introduction to Mathematical Thinking, New York: Ungar, 1951).
(1945) 'Verifiability', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume.
(1949-52) 'Analytic-synthetic', Analysis 10.2, 11.2, 11.3, 11.6, 13.1, 13.4.
(1965) The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy, ed. Rom Harré, London: Macmillan.
(1968) How I See Philosophy, ed. Rom Harré, London: Macmillan.
(1977) Philosophical Papers, ed. Brian McGuinness, Dordrecht: Reidel.
(1979) Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle, ed. Brian McGuinness, trans. Joachim Schulte and Brian McGuinness, Oxford: Blackwell.

-817-

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Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • List of Abbreviated Sources xvi
  • List of Schools and Movements xxi
  • A 1
  • Main Publications: 19
  • Main Publications: 22
  • Main Publications: 24
  • Main Publications: 25
  • Main Publications: 29
  • B 41
  • Main Publications: 97
  • C - Cabral, Amilcar Lopes 119
  • Main Publications: 148
  • D 167
  • E 209
  • F 222
  • G 261
  • H 296
  • Main Publications: 323
  • Main Publications: 330
  • I 361
  • Main Publications: 365
  • J 370
  • Main Publications: 385
  • K 387
  • Main Publications: 405
  • Main Publications: 423
  • L 425
  • M 486
  • Main Publications: 491
  • Main Publications: 498
  • Main Publications: 540
  • N 558
  • Main Publications: 577
  • O 583
  • P 593
  • Main Publications: 605
  • Main Publications: 614
  • Main Publications: 626
  • Q 640
  • R 644
  • Main Publications: 657
  • S 690
  • Main Publications: 701
  • Main Publications: 704
  • T 764
  • U 795
  • V 800
  • W 817
  • Main Publications: 827
  • Main Publications: 833
  • Main Publications: 851
  • X 853
  • Y 857
  • Z 861
  • Guide to Schools and Movements 876
  • Bibliography 893
  • Nationality Index 903
  • Category Index 909
  • Index of Interests 918
  • Index of Influences 925
  • Index of People 936
  • Index of Subjects 945
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