Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview

Y

Yamuni Tabush, Vera

Mexican, b: 30 May 1917, San José, Costa Rica (of Lebanese parents). Mexican citizen 1949. Cat: Historian of ideas. Educ: MA, Philosophy, Unversidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, 1949, doctorate in 1954; postgraduate study in Paris, Algiers and Lebanon. Appts: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico.


Main publications:
(1951) Conceptos e imágeries en pensadores de lengua española, Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
(1980) José Gaos: el hombre y su pensamiento, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico.
(1989) José Gaos: su filosofía, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico.

In addition to her professorial duties Yamuni earned a medical degree in 1973. She is currently a full-time Professor of Philosophy and a practising physician. She is a leading authority on the thought of one of the most influential figures in twentieth-century philosophy in Mexico, José Gaos (1900-69), with whom she studied. Yamuni's work on Gaos analyses his role as a 'transplanted' Spanish philosopher who was exiled after the fall of Republican Spain, his concept of the person, his interpretation of the history of philosophy and his metaphysics. In addition to her books Yamuni has published more than forty articles on philosophy, the role of women in society and the Arab world.

AMY A.OLIVER


Van Fu (Yen Fu)

Chinese, b: 1854, Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China. d: 1921, Fuzhou. Cat: Philosophy translator and commentator. Ints: Social thought; logic. Educ: Studied at School of Navigation, Majiang Naval Academy, Fuzhou; Greenwich Naval College (1877-9). Infls: Herbert Spencer, Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill. Appts: Chancellor, Beiyang Naval Academy, Tianjin; Director of Translation Bureau, Imperial University, Beijing; Chief Editor, Bureau of Terminology; Chancellor, University of Beijing.


Main publications:

Translations with notes and commentaries of:

(1897) Thomas Huxley, Evolution and Ethics and Other Essays, chapters 1-2, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1900) Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations, Shanghai: South Ocean Publishers.
(1900) John Stuart Mill, On Liberty, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1903) Herbert Spencer, Study of Sociology.
(1904) Edward Jenks, AHistory of Politics.
(1904) Montesquieu, Esprit des Lois.
(1905) (half of) John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic, Shanghai: Commercial Press.
(1909) (adaptation) William Jevons, Lessons in Logic.

Secondary literature:
Boorman, H. (ed.) (1970) Biographical Dictionary of Republican China, New York and London: Columbia University Press.
Briere, O. (1956) Fifty Years of Chinese Philosophy 1898-1950, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.
Complete Chinese Encyclopedia (1987), Philosophy Volumes, Beijing: Chinese Encyclopedia Publications.
Fung, Y. (1948) A Short History of Chinese Philosophy, New York: The Free Press.
Schwartz, B. (1964) In Search of Wealth and Power: Yen Fu and the West, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

After training in English at Naval College in Fuzhou, Yen was sent to Greenwich Naval College in England, where he supplemented his naval studies with readings in sociology, economics, politics and philosophy to discover the source of Western power. Under Spencer's influence, he argued that Social Darwinism provided the best framework for understanding Western strength and for shaping Chinese policy to achieve the wealth and power needed to overcome foreign dominance. Although he saw democratic politics as necessary to his programme, his evolutionary

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