European Union: Power and Policy-Making

By Jeremy J. Richardson | Go to book overview

at home; this makes national pressures often difficult to resist. In a number of well-publicised cases, such pressures have produced flawed or at least inconsistent decisions. Again, competition policy, including the control of mergers and of anti-competitive state aid, provides the clearest examples. Several analysts have argued that Europe will never have a coherent competition policy without a cartel office independent from both the national governments and the Commission. Commissioners would still be able to reverse an independent agency's decisions, as the German government does in the case of some Bundeskartellamt's rulings, but the political costs of doing so would be high, and the interference plain for all to see.

Thus, the European regulatory state of the future may be less a state in the traditional sense than a web of networks of national and supranational regulatory institutions held together by shared values and objectives, and by a common style of policy-making.


REFERENCES

b
Brickman, Ronald, Jasanoff, Sheila and Ilgen, Thomas (1985) Controlling Chemicals, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

c
Conseil d'Etat (1992) Rapport Public 1992, Paris: La Documentation Française, Etudes et Documents, 44.

e
Eichener, Volkner (1992) Social Dumping or Innovative Regulation?, Florence: European University Institute, Working Paper SPS, 92/28.

f
Feldhoff, Kerstin (1992) Grundzüge des Europäischen Arbeitsumweltrechts, mimeo, Bochum: Ruhr Universität.

g
Gatsios, Kristos and Seabright, Paul (1989) 'Regulation in the European Community', Oxford Reviewof Economic Policy, 5, 2, 37-60.

h
Haas, Ernst (1958) The Uniting of Europe: Political, Social and Economic Forces, 1950-1957, Stanford, Cal: Stanford University Press.
Harding, Christopher (1994) 'The Relationship of the Community and State on the Enforcement of Community Law and Policy', paper presented at the E.S.R.C./C.O.S.T. A7 Conference on The Evolution of Rules for a Single European Market, Exeter, 8-11 September 1994.
Héritier, Adrienne, Mingers, Susanne, Knill, Christoph, and Beck, Martina (1994) Die Veränderungvon Staatlichkeit in Europa, Opladen: Leske and Budrich.
Hood, Christopher (1991) 'Concepts of Control over Public Bureaucracies: “Comptrol” and “Interpolate Balance”', in Franz-Xaver Kaufmann (ed.), The Public Sector, Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 347-366.

i
Institut für Europäische Politik (1989) 'Comitology': Characteristics, Performance and Options, Bonn: Preliminary Final Report.

k
Kingdon, John W. (1984) Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policy, Boston: Little, Brown.

l
Ludlow, Paul (1991) 'The European Commission', in Keohane, R. and Hoffman, S. (eds.) The NewEuropean Community: Decisionmaking and Institutional Change, Boulder, Co: Westview Press, 85-132.

m
Majone, Giandomenico (1991) 'Cross-National Sources of Regulatory Policy-making in Europe and the United States', Journal of Public Policy, 11:1, 79-106.
Majone, Giandomenico (1993) 'The European Community between Social Policy and Social Regulation', Journal of Common Market Studies, 31, 2:153-170.
Majone, Giandomenico (1994a) 'The Rise of the Regulatory State in Europe', West European Politics, 17, 3, 78-102.
Majone, Giandomenico (1994b) 'Controlling Regulatory Bureaucracies: Lessons from the American Experience', in Derlien, H.U., Gerhardt, U. and Scharpf, F.W.S. (eds) Systemrationalität undPartialinteresse, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 291-314.
Majone, Giandomenico (1994c) 'Paradoxes of Privatization and Deregulation', Journal of EuropeanPublic Policy, 1, 1, 53-69.
Mayhew, David R. (1974) Congress: The Electoral Connection, New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press.
Moe, Terry M. (1987) 'Interest, Institutions and Positive Theory: The Politics of the NLRB', Studiesin American Political Development, 2, 236-299.

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European Union: Power and Policy-Making
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Theoretical and Historical Perspectives 1
  • 1 - Policy-Making in the Eu 3
  • 2 - The Development of the European Idea 24
  • Notes 38
  • 3 - Integration Theory and the Study of the European Policy Process 40
  • Notes 55
  • References 56
  • Part 2 - Agenda-Setting and Institutional Processing 59
  • 4 - Agenda-Setting in the European Union 61
  • Notes 74
  • 5 - A Maturing Bureaucracy? 77
  • References 92
  • 6 - From Co-Operation to Co-Decision 96
  • 7 - National Sovereignty Vs Integration? 127
  • Notes 145
  • 8 - The National Co-Ordination of European Policy-Making 148
  • References 165
  • 9 - The Court of Justice and the European Policy Process 170
  • References 183
  • Part 3 - Channels of Representation 185
  • 10 - European Elections and the European Voter 187
  • 11 - The Logic of Organisation Interest Groups 200
  • Note 214
  • 12 - By-Passing the Nation State? Regions and the Eu Policy Process 216
  • Part 4 - A Supranational State? 231
  • 13 - Enlarging the European Union 233
  • Notes 244
  • 14 - The Eu as an International Actor 247
  • 15 - A European Regulatory State? 263
  • References 276
  • 16 - Eroding Eu Policies 278
  • References 293
  • Index 295
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