different views of the disaster in Cuenca, different scientific knowledges from local or indigenous knowledge have not been useful here, any more than have pre-scientific discourses from the region based on the ancient cosmovision. The capitalist critique attached to the situation of farming scarcely applies in a region where reform has been passed through but land pressures remain. At another level, the views centred on critique of local organizations and their response are a critique of civil society in the region, not of the lack of specific action. This leaves us with little more than the need to adjust to natural forces, and to have recourse to scientific information and modern technology for countering this kind of disaster.
The final assessment regarding La Josefina is that there is no solution which can totally prevent individual catastrophic events. There are, however, actions which could and should be taken for the mitigation of disaster effects. Most responsibility lies with the national government, which could change the context by encouraging rural development and rewarding farmers with better prices and help for conservation, leaving local agencies to concern themselves with disaster relief.
Abramovitz, J.N. (2001) 'Averting unnatural disasters', in L.R. Brown, State of the World 2001, London: Earthscan.
Barsky, O. (1988) La Reforma Agraria Ecuatoriana (2nd edition), Quito: Editora Nacional.
Blaikie, P. (1985) The Political Economy of Soil Erosion in Developing Countries, Harlow: Longmans.
Blaikie, P. (2001) 'Social nature and environmental policy in the South: views from verandah and veld', in N. Castree and B. Braun, Social Nature: Theory, Practice and Politics, Oxford: Blackwell.
Codevilla, U.R. (1993) Antes que las aguas nos alcancen, Cuenca: Rumbos.
Comisión para la Reconversión Económica del Austro (CREA) (1980) Utilización del suelo y de los paisajes vegetales de la Sierra, Quito: CREA.
Denevan, W.M. (2001) Cultivated Landscapes of Native Amazonia and the Andes, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
El Mercurio (1993) [Cuenca daily newspaper], 19 April.
El Universo (1994) [Ecuador national newspaper, Quito] 12 October.
Fitzgerald, M. (1994) 'Environmental education in Ethiopia', in A. Varley (ed.) Disasters and Development, Chichester: Wiley.
Fukuyama, F. (1995) Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity, London: Hamish Hamilton.
Galarza, J.Z. and Galarza, L. (1993) Mas allá de las lágrimas, Cuenca: Ninacuru Editores .
Howard-Malverde, R. (1981) 'Dioses y diablos; tradición oral de Cañar, Ecuador', Amerindia, revue d'ethnolinguistique amerindienne, Paris.
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) (1993) 'Urgent aid follows landslide', The IDB (June), 11.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Natural Disasters and Development: In a Globalizing World.
Contributors: Mark Pelling - Editor.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2003.
Page number: 168.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.