Urban Planning and Real Estate Development

By John Ratcliffe; Michael Stubbs et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project


Retail development
For the 30-odd years following the end of the Second World War, retailing was repeatedly heralded as the most innovative and changeable sector of the property market. New types of shop development emerged one after another: department stores, variety shops, supermarkets, covered shopping precincts, hypermarkets, superstores, district centres, discount warehouses, and city-centre 'metro' stores. Preferred locations shifted away from the high street, to adjacent central-area sites, out-of-town to greenfield sites, back to town-centre and edge-of-town locations and even 'sideways' onto industrial estates. Modern forms of merchandising have altered the shape, size and layout of shops of all kinds, and advances in the methods of distribution have affected the design and position of retail outlets. Nevertheless, there remains considerable volatility in the shop market and a continuing dynamic in the field of retail development.This chapter is divided into five sections, as follows:
the context for retail development
types of retail development
planning and retailing
design and layout
shopping centre management.

The context for retail development
As consumers have become increasingly discerning, affluent and mobile, so retailers have had to respond to changing market conditions and opportunities. In forecasting future trends in shopping and shop development it is worth recording briefly some of the more significant factors that have brought about the process of change in retailing over recent years. These can be summarized as follows:
Food retailing on any scale has almost disappeared from many traditional town centres as superstore operators have relocated to locations on the edge of or out of town, where they can find sites capable of providing 4645-5574 m2 (50/60000 ft2) or more of space with extensive carparking facilities.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Urban Planning and Real Estate Development


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 591

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?