Global Perspectives in Family Therapy: Development, Practice, and Trends

By Kit S.Ng | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER 2

The Development of Family Therapy and the Experience of Fatherhood in the Japanese Context

TAKESHI TAMURA


JAPANESE CULTURE AND FAMILY

To understand Japanese families in the cultural and historical context, two kinds of social regime have to be taken into account; (a) the era of militarism before and during Word War II: and (b) the economic growth or expansion after the war (Kitaoji, 1971; Morioka, 1990). The society was very hierarchical under the military regime. Chinese teaching of Confucianism was used as a framework of discipline that people had to obey. The emperor was the top figure and whatever passed down from him had to be obeyed to the letter. The relationship in any kind of group was also defined in the hierarchical order. For example, in schools, teachers exercise authority and students are not allowed to challenge or question at all. So are family relationships. The senior man is called master or a head of the family, and holds an extreme power over the members of the family. The division of labor between the genders is clearly defined; men stay out of the family and are involved with work and women are expected to stay home and do the household chores and childrearing.

Democracy was gradually introduced after World War II. The militarism had shifted to democracy, but group orientation and hard-working ethics remained the same. People worked hard for the nation before the war and for their companies after the war. This was the key to establishing a successful economy in the last 50 years. The demand for productivity, time, and loyalty was paramount from all employees, particularly men in manage-

-19-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Global Perspectives in Family Therapy: Development, Practice, and Trends
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 234

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?