Russia: Tsarist and Communist

By Anatole G. Mazour | Go to book overview
Save to active project

The Reign of Anne (1730-1740)


WHILE DISCUSSING the problem of succession, the Privy Council ran into serious political and personal disagreements. Two members of the Council, who represented the eminent families of the Dolgorukis and the Golitsyns, clashed over the future national orientation. Dimitri M. Golitsyn, though a highly cultured person who had received his education in the West and a man of wide administrative and diplomatic experience, was not always in agreement with the reforms of Peter I. He openly criticized Peter's policies and was particularly severe on the manner in which the case of Alexis was handled. V. L. Dolgoruki was versed in Western political philosophy, yet he clung to the indigenous way of thinking, which he never hesitated to express even at grave personal risk. Conservative though he was, he sometimes championed advanced political ideas. He was familiar with English constitutional history, the Glorious Revolution, and the constitutional changes that ensued. He watched with keen interest the constitutional reforms in Sweden in 1718-1719 and from them drew his own conclusions. Dolgoruki had come to the firm conviction that a sound government must be based on an agreement between the crown and the nobility, formulated in what is commonly known as a constitutional charter. Thus even among the old Muscovite ranks advanced constitutional views appeared, as was demonstrated by the Supreme Privy Council in the dissensions that preceded the succession of Anne in 1730.


Basically, the Council members, regardless of their differences, had a single common aim--a royal guarantee for their inviolable rights and interests. All of them remembered only too well Peter the autocrat, and all meant to see unbridled autocracy curbed. All sought guarantees of political pre-eminence by exacting from the sovereign the pledge that he would regard the rights and privileges of the nobility as inviolable. This, they believed, drawing on experience elsewhere, could be ensured only by a constitutional charter. For this reason on the very day Peter II died the Privy Council took the initiative in summoning members of the Sen


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Russia: Tsarist and Communist
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 1000

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?